Domain I: Acknowledge the Ubiquitous Nature of Culture in Counselling

What has become clear to me over my years of teaching, clinical practice, research, and writing is that all of my interactions are influenced in one way or another by culture. When we expand the definition of culture to include Indigeneity, ethnicity, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, ability, age, religion or spirituality, and social class (Collins, 2018), none of us can ever completely step outside our cultural heritage, identities, or contexts. This is also true for the clients we encounter. The word ubiquitous, literally means ever-present. This first domain of the CRSJ counselling model examines the pervasive influence of culture on counsellors, clients, and the interplay between them.

The three chapters in this section of the teaching and learning guide provide learning activities related to the three core competencies (CC) in this domain. These competencies will be referred to as CC1 Cultural Sensitivity, for example, in the chapter titles.


Core Competencies for CRSJ Counselling

Domain I: Acknowledge the Ubiquitous Nature of Culture in Counselling

CC1 Cultural Sensitivity: Engage in cultural self-exploration as a foundation for cultural sensitivity towards client cultural identities and relationalities.

CC2 Intersectionality: Appreciate and reflect critically on the complexity and intersectionality of cultural identities and relationalities.

CC3 Worldviews: Value the diversity of worldviews, and prioritize client beliefs, values, and assumptions.

Note. Copyright 2018 by S. Collins.


Collins, S. (2018). Embracing cultural responsivity and social justice: Re-shaping professional identity in counselling psychology. Counselling Concepts.


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Culturally Responsive and Socially Just Counselling Copyright © 2022 by Sandra Collins is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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