Introduction to Sustainability:

Economic Sustainability. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Geissdoerfer, M., Savaget, P., Bocken, N. M., & Hultink, E. J. (2017). The Circular Economy – A new sustainability paradigm? Journal of Cleaner Production, 143, 757–768. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.12.048

Larsen, Christian Albrekt. “Social Cohesion: Definition, measurement and developments.” Centre for Comparative Welfare Studies, Aalborg University.

Murphy, Kevin. (2012). “The social pillar of sustainable development: a literature review and framework for policy analysis.” Sustainability: Science, Practice and Policy.

National Climate Assessment. (2014). “Biogeochemical Cycles.” U.S. Global Change Research Program.

Remington-Doucette, S. (2017). Sustainable world: approaches to analyzing & resolving wicked problems. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.

Robertson, Margaret. Sustainability Principles and Practice. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2017.

Sustainability and the US EPA. The National Academies Press, 2011. Sustainabilty Primer. (n.d.). Retrieved from

The Habitable Planet: A Systems Approach to Environmental Science. (2017). “Unit 4: Ecosystems.” Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. Annenburg Foundation

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UNICEFInnocenti. (n.d.). End Extreme Poverty, Increase Environmental Sustainability.


Sustainability Science:

International Institute for Sustainable Development. (n.d.). Sustainable Development.

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Jerneck, A., Olsson, L., Ness, B. et al. (2011). Structuring sustainability science. In Sustainability Science 6, 69–82. Retrieved from

Kajikawa, Y. (2008). “Research core and framework of sustainability science.” In Sustainability Science 3, 215–239. Retrieved from

Kates, Robert W., William C. Clark, Robert Corell, J. Michael Hall, Carlo C. Jaeger, Ian

Lowe, James J.McCarthy et al. (2001). “Sustainability science.” Retrieved from Science 292, no. 5517 (2001): 641-642.

Kates, R. W. (2011). “What kind of a science is sustainability science?”  Retrieved from:

Keestra, M., Rutting, L., Post, G., De Roo, M., Blad, S., & De Greef, L. (2016).

“Interdisciplinary integration.” In Menken S. & Keestra M. (Eds.), An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Research: Theory and Practice (pp. 41-49). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. doi:10.2307/j.ctt1bc540s.10

Klein, J. T. (1990). “Interdisciplinarity: History, Theory, and Practice.” Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.

Komiyama, Hiroshi, and Kazuhiko Takeuchi. (2006). “Sustainability Science: Building a New Discipline.” In Sustainability Science vol. 1. Retrieved from:

Miller, T.R., Wiek, A., Sarewitz, D. et al. (2014), The future of sustainability science: a solutions-oriented research agenda. In Sustainability Science 9, 239–246.

Pappas, E. (2012, March). A New Systems Approach to Sustainability: University

Responsibility for Teaching Sustainability in Contexts. Journal of Sustainability Education, 3. Retrieved March 15, 2020 from

Wells, Jennifer. (2013). “Complexity and Sustainability”. In Routledge Studies in Ecological Economics. New York: Routledge


The Role of Universities in Advancing and Promoting Sustainability

Aber, J., Kelly, T., & Mallory, B. (Eds.). (2009). The sustainable learning community: one university’s journey to the future. Lebanon, NH: University Press of New England.

Aber, J, & Wake, C. (2009). Creating the intellectual basis for sustainability. In J. Aber, T. Kelly, & B. Mallory (Eds.). The sustainable learning community: one university’s journey to the future. Lebanon, NH: University Press of New England.

Aktas, C. B. (2015). Reflections on interdisciplinary sustainability research with undergraduate students. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 16(3), 354-366.

Avila, L.V. et al. (2017). Barriers to innovation and sustainability at universities around the world. Journal of Cleaner Production, 164, 1268-1278.

Barlett, P. (2011). Campus sustainable food projects: critique and engagement. American Anthropologist, 113(1), 101-115.

Beyer, V. Sustainability integrated into general education requirements. Retrieved from

Bhowmik, J., Selim., S. A., & Huq, S. (2018). The role of universities in achieving the sustainable development goals (Policy brief). Retrieved from

Brase, W. (2018a, March 28). AASHE verification of data. UCI Office of Sustainability. Retrieved from

Brase, W. (Speaker). (2018b, September). UCI is a Sierra Cool School. (Audio podcast). Retrieved from

Brinkhurst, M., Rose. P., Maurice, G., & Ackerman, J. D. (2011). Achieving campus sustainability: top-down, bottom-up, or neither? International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 12, 338-354. 10.1108/14676371111168269.

Brundiers, K., & Wiek, A. (2010). Educating students in real-world sustainability research: vision and implementation. Innovative Higher Education, 36,107–124 (2011) doi:10.1007/s10755-010-9161-9

Bullock, G, & Wilder, N. (2016). The comprehensiveness of competing higher education sustainability assessments. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 17(3), 282-304.

Calder, W., & Dautremont-Smith, J. (2009). Higher education: emerging laboratories for inventing a sustainable future. In J.C. Dernbach (Ed.). Agenda for a sustainable America. Washington, D.C.: ELI Press (Environmental Law Institute).

Campus labs involvement network. (2019). Retrieved from

Cauce, A. M. (2016). The university’s role in the innovation system (Times Higher Education Asia Summit keynote). Retrieved from

Celikdemir, D. Z., Gunay, G., Katrinli, A., & Penbek Alpbaz, S. (2017). Defining sustainable universities following public opinion formation process. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 18(3), 294-306.

Chamberlin, P. & O’Keefe, M. (2009). Case study: it’s risky business doing the right thing – the co-gen plant and EcoLine. In J. Aber, T. Kelly, & B. Mallory (Eds.). The sustainable learning community: one university’s journey to the future. Lebanon, NH: University Press of New England.

Chapin, E. (2019). CSU says goodbye to single-use plastics. Retrieved from

Climate refugee stories. Retrieved from

Cool schools 2019 methodology. (2019). Retrieved from

Coops et. al. (2015). How an entry-level, interdisciplinary sustainability course revealed the benefits and challenges of a university-wide initiative for sustainability education. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 16(5), 729-747.

El-Jardali, F., Ataya, N., & Fadlallah, R. (2018). Changing roles of universities in the era of SDGs: rising up to the global challenge through institutionalising partnerships with governments and communities. Health Research Policy and Systems, 16(38).

Elliott, H., & Wright, T. (2013). Barriers to sustainable universities and ways forward: a Canadian students’ perspective. f006. 10.3390/wsf3-f006.

Emanuel, R., & Adams, J. (2011). College students’ perceptions of campus sustainability. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 12(1), 79-92.

Engle, E.W., Barsom, S. H., Vandenberg, L., Sterner, Glenn E., & Alter, T. R. Developing a framework for sustainability meta-competencies. International Journal of Higher Education and Sustainability, 1(4).

Filho, W. L., et al. (2019a). The role of higher education institutions in sustainability initiatives at the local level. Journal of Cleaner Production, 233, 1004-1015.

Filho., W.L., et al. (2019b). Sustainable development goals and sustainability teaching at universities: falling behind or getting ahead of the pack? Journal of Cleaner Production, 232, 285-294.

Findler, F., Schönherr, N., Lozano, R., & Stacherl, B. (2019). Assessing the impacts of higher education institutions on sustainable development—an analysis of tools and indicators. Sustainability, 11(59).

Gallup, J. (2018). Top-down versus bottom-up: two approaches to sustainability. Retrieved from

Helferty, A., & Clarke, A. (2009). Student‐led campus climate change initiatives in Canada. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education,10,(3), 287-300.

Junior, R., Fien, J., & Horne, R. (2019). Implementing the UN SDGs in universities: challenges, opportunities, and lessons learned. Sustainability: The Journal of Record, 12, 129-133. 10.1089/sus.2019.0004.

Kelly, T. (2009). Sustainability as an organizing principle for higher education. In J. Aber, T. Kelly, & B. Mallory (Eds.). (2009). The sustainable learning community: one university’s journey to the future. Lebanon, NH: University Press of New England.

Late, Ketki. (2017). NCSU initiatives for faculty participation in sustainability efforts. Retrieved from

Lawhon, C. (2012). Intelligent design. Retrieved from

Matson, P., Clark, W., & Andersson, K. (2016). Pursuing sustainability: a guide to the science and practice. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Moore, J. (2005). Barriers and pathways to creating sustainability education programs: policy, rhetoric and reality, Environmental Education Research, 11(5), 537-555m DOI: 10.1080/13504620500169692

Munro, A., Marcus, J., Dolling, K., Robinson, J., & Wahl, J. (2016). Combining forces: fostering sustainability collaboration between the city of Vancouver and the University of British Columbia. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education,17(6), 812-826. 826.

O’Connor, R., Lerman, D.C., Fritz, J.N., & Hodde, H. B. (2013). Effects of number and location of bins on plastic recycling at a university. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43(4), 711-715.

Owens, K.A., and Halfacre-Hitchcock, A. (2006). As green as we think? The case of the College of Charleston green building initiative. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 7(2), 114-28.

Patrick, D., Murray, T., & Bowles, I. (2008). Campus sustainability best practices: a resource for colleges and universities. Retrieved from

Pomranz, M. (2017). UC Irvine opens largest food pantry in the University of California system. Retrieved from

Razman, R., Abdullah, A. H., & Wahid, Abdul. (2016). Sustainable development in higher education institutions (HEIs): towards sustainable campus operations (SCO). ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11. 11823-11826.

Richardson, G. & Lynes, J. (2007). Institutional motivations and barriers to the construction of green buildings on campus: A case study of the University of Waterloo, Ontario. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 8(3), 339-354,

The Salton Sea initiative. Retrieved from

Schloss, Jeffrey. (2009). Sustaining the larger community. In J. Aber, T. Kelly, & B. Mallory (Eds.). The sustainable learning community: one university’s journey to the future. Lebanon, NH: University Press of New England.

Sonetti, G., Lombardi, P., & Chelleri, L. (2016). True green and sustainable university campuses? Toward a clusters approach. Sustainability, 8(1), 83.

The Sterling kitchen. (2020).

Stephens, J., Hernandez, M., Román, M., Graham, A. & Scholz, R. (2008). Higher education as a change agent for sustainability in different cultures and contexts. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 9(3), 317-338.

STARS: the sustainability tracking, assessment & rating system. (2019). Retrieved from

Sustainability. Retrieved from

Sustainability: living green in university housing. Retrieved from

Sustainable communities collaborative. Retrieved from

Sustainable development goal 4. (2019). Retrieved from

Sustainable Sterling. (2020).

Swanger, D. (2016). Innovation in higher education: can colleges really change? Retrieved from

Trencher, G., Yarime, M., & Kharrazi, A. (2013). Co-creating sustainability: cross-sector university collaborations for driving sustainable urban transformations. Journal of Cleaner Production, 50, 40-55.

UCI sustainability. (2020). Retrieved from

Undergraduate degree programs. Retrieved from

Vasich, T. (2019). UCI is no. 1 in U.S., no. 2 overall in Sierra magazine’s 2019 ‘Cool Schools’ ranking. Retrieved from

Waas, T., Verbruggen, A., & Wright, T. (2010). University research for sustainable development: definitions and characteristics explored. Journal of Cleaner Production, 18(7), 629-636.

Welcome to UI GreenMetric. (2019). Retrieved from

What is a sustainable campus? (n.d.). Retrieved from

Whitmer et al. (2010). The engaged university: providing a platform for research that transforms society. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8, 314-321. doi:10.1890/090241

Wiek, A., Withycombe, L., & Redman, C. 2011. Key competencies in sustainability: a reference framework for academic program development.” Sustainability Science6(2): 203–218. doi:10.1007/s11625-011-0132-6.


Business as Sustainability Actors

A Global Community of Leaders. (n.d.). Retrieved November 27, 2019, from

Battilana J., Lee M., Walker J., Dorsey C (2012) In search for the hybrid ideal. Standford Social Innovation Review. (51-55).

Berg, Maarten Van den, Triple Bottom Line: measuring social and environmental KPIs. Retrieved: 2019-11-22

Circular Economy. Retrieved November 22, 2019, from Follow. (2014, March 25). 9 csr shared value. Retrieved November 11, 2019, from

Culinane, Jeff, B All That You Can B! Certified B Corporations.Retrieved: 2019-11-22

“Delivering Impact through Farmer Connect.” Nestlé Global, 2020. Retrieved April 22, 2020

Epiq, Thinking, Government Regulation of Business. Retrieved: 2019-11-22

Global Social Impact Report Goals & Progress. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Hudston, Warner Todd, Nike Still Plagued by Accusations of Unsafe and Unfair Labor Practices. Retrieved: 2019-11-22 Retrieved: 2020-04-23 For Days,

Institute For Strategy & Competitiveness. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Johnson, Paul M. “A Glossary of Political Economy Terms.” Market Economy: A Glossary of Political Economy Terms” Retrived 2020-04-23 from:

Kenton, W. (2020, April 20). What You Should Know About Greenwashing. Retrieved from

The Atlantic. (June 2015). All your clothes are made with exploited labor. Retrieved  .From

The Seminar on Corporations and International Law. (n.d.) Nestle creating shared value: Good food, good life, good for society? Retrieved from,

Tun, Z. T. (2020, January 29). H&M: The Secret to Its Success. Retrieved from

Leighton, M. (2019, June 6). B Corps are businesses committed to using their profit for good – these 12 are making some truly great products. Retrieved from

Porter M., Kramer M. (2011) Creating Shared Value. The Harvard Business Review. (1-17).

Majláth, M. (2016). How Does Greenwashing Effect the Firm, the Industry and the Society – the Case of the VW Emission Scandal . Published by Óbuda University , 1–16. Retrieved fromáth.pdf

Mo, Z. (2015). Internationalization process of fast fashion retailers: evidence of H&M and Zara. International Journal of Business and Management, 10(3), 217.

Nguyen, T. (2020, February 3). Fast fashion, explained. Retrieved from

“One Garbage Truck of Textiles Wasted Every Second: Report Creates Vision for Change.” Ellen MacArthur Foundation, 2017. Retrived: 2020-04-23 from

Story of Stuff. (2018). Retrieved November 1, 2019, from

Sunday, C. (2018, August 28). What Is Conscious Consumerism? Retrieved November 27, 2019, from

What is a Circular Economy? (2017). Retrieved November 2, 2019, from

What Is Fast Fashion? (2020, April 14). Retrieved from\

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Reconceiving Products & Markets. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Redefining Productivity in the Value Chain. (n.d.). Retrieved November 24, 2019, from

Organic Labeling. Retrieved: 2019-11-22

Lallanilla, Marc, LEED for Green Building Certifications. Retrieved: 2019-11-24

What is fair trade?. Retrieved: 2019-11-24

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The Role of Municipalities in Advancing Sustainability

What is New Urbanism? (2019, December). Congress for New Urbanism.  Retrieved April 2, 2020, from

The Economic Impact of Locally Produced Food (2017, December). Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Retrieved April 9, 2020 from

Fisher, M. R. (n.d.). Environmental Biology. Retrieved April 9, 2020, from

Fletcher, Thomas (2014). The Basic Elements of a Master Plan. Retrieved April 2, 2020, from

Reuter, Thomas (2019, July). Land Use and Zoning Basics. Findlaw.  Retrieved April 2, 2020, from

Robertson, M. (2017). Sustainability Principles and Practice. Second Edition. Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge. Retrieved April 2, 2020.

What Is Green Building? (2020). World Green Building Council.  Retrieved April 2, 2020,

What Is Green Infrastructure? (2020). American Rivers, Retrieved April 2, 2020 from

What is smart growth? (n.d.). Retrieved April 2, 2020, from


Nonprofits in Sustainability

2019 Wwf-Us Annual Report. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Ciucescu, Nicoleta. (2009). The role and importance of Non-Profit Organizations. Studies and Scientific Researches – Economic Edition. 10.29358/sceco.v0i14.35.

Fritz, J. (2019, September 29). How Non-profits Generate Revenue Streams. Retrieved from

Gulati-Partee, Gita. (2001). A Primer on Non-profit Organizations. Popular Government. (pp. 31-36). North Carolina Center for Non-profits. Retrieved from

How are non-profits funded? Knowledge Base. (2020). Retrieved from

Ibele, T. (2017, August 9). Advantages and Disadvantages of Non-profits You May Have Overlooked. Retrieved from

Medical Supply Donations. (n.d.). Retrieved April 6, 2020, from

Nation’s Premier Civil Rights Organization. (2020). Retrieved from

Salamon, L. M. (2015). The resilient sector revisited : The new challenge to non-profit america. Retrieved from Created from unh on 2020-01-02 14:48:33.

The YMCA. (2019). Annual Community Impact Report. Retrieved from

USAGOV. Starting a Non-profit Organization. (2019, April 9). Retrieved from

World Health Organization. “Health-care waste.” 8 Feb. 2018,

World Wildlife Fund. (2018). WWF-US 2018 ANNUAL REPORT. Retrieved from

World YMCA. (n.d.). Retrieved from


Individual Action

Berkes F. and C. Folke, eds. 1998. Linking Social and Ecological Systems: Management

Civic Engagement . (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2020, from

McFarlane, D. A., & Ogazon, A. G. (2011). The Challenges of Sustainability Education. Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (1947-2900), 3(3), 81–107.

Overview of Greenhouse Gases. (2020, April 10). Retrieved from

Pappas, J. B., & Pappas, E. C. (2014, November 30). The Sustainable Personality: Values and Behaviors in Individual Sustainability. Retrieved April 21, 2020, from

Raufflet, & Emmanuel. (2000, November 23). Berkes, F., and C. Folke, editors. 1998. Linking Social and Ecological Systems: Management Practices and Social Mechanisms for Building Resilience. Cambridge University Press, New York. Retrieved from

Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions. (2020, April 11). Retrieved from

Verplanken, B & Roy, D 2015, Consumer habits and sustainable consumption. in L Reisch & J Thogersen (eds), Handbook of Research on Sustainable Consumption. Elgar Original Reference, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, Cheltenham, U. K., pp. 243-253.

Creating collaborative teams and processes:

Barnes, M., & Schmitz, P. (2016). Community Engagement Matters ( Now More Than Ever ). Standford Social Innovation Review, 32-39. Retrieved November 26, 2018, from

“Cranes, Curlews, and Cows: The Delicate Debate over Oregon’s Federal Lands.” High Desert Partnership, PBS,

Engelbrecht, Petra. (2016). “Sustainability of International Collaborative Partnerships in Education: A Personal Research Journey.” Educational Research for Social Change, no. 2: 151. doi:10.17159/2221-4070/2016/v5i2a10.

Foley, Rider, et al. (January 2017). “Ideal and Reality of Multi-Stakeholder Collaboration on Sustainability Problems: A Case Study on a Large-Scale Industrial Contamination in Phoenix, Arizona.” Sustainability Science, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 123–136. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s11625-016-0393-1.

Green, Bart N and Claire D Johnson. (2015). “Interprofessional collaboration in research, education, and clinical practice: working together for a better future.” The Journal of Chiropractic Education: 1-10.

Hall, Kara L., Amanda L. Vogel, Grace C. Huang, Katrina J. Serrano, Elise L. Rice, Sophia P. Tsakraklides, and Stephen M. Fiore. (2018). “The Science of Team Science: A Review of the Empirical Evidence and Research Gaps on Collaboration in Science.” American Psychologist, The Science of Teamwork, 73 (4): 532–48. doi:10.1037/amp0000319.

London, Scott. (December 2012). “Building Collaborative Communities .” Edited by Marie Bak Mortensen and Judith Nesbitt, Building Collaborative Communities – An Essay by Scott London, Tate: On Collaboration, Retrieved from

Nguyen, S. (December 2010). Eight Common Problems Teams Encounter. Retrieved on November 27, 2017, from problems-teams-encounter/


Ways of Knowing:

Airaksinen, T. (1978). Five Types of Knowledge. American Philosophical Quarterly, 15(4), 263- 274. Retrieved from

Cassam , Quassim. (2007). Ways of Knowing. Oxford Journals, 107(2007), 339-358.
Fien, John. Indigenous Knowledge & Sustainability. Teaching And Learning For A SustainableFuture. Introduction. Retrieved from

Gosselin, Frederic & Cordonnier, Thomas & Bilger, Isabelle & Jappiot, Marielle & Chauvin, Christophe & Gosselin, Marion. (2018). Ecological Research and Environmental Management: We need different interfaces based on different knowledge types. Journal of Environmental Management, 218 (15 July), 388-401.

Harini Nagendra. (24 May 2018). The global south is rich in sustainability lessons, | VOL 557 of Nature, 485-488

Jones, H., Jones, N., Shaxson, L., & Walker, D. (2012). Integrating different types of knowledge. In Knowledge, policy and power in international development: A practical guide (pp. 81- 122). Bristol, UK; Chicago, IL, USA: Bristol University Press. doi:10.2307/j.ctt1t898vh.10

Perry, Elissa Sloane & Duncan, Aja Couchois (2017). Multiple Ways of Knowing: Expanding How We Know: Non-Profit Quarterly, April 27, 2017, 1-7.

R. Long, R. Dekett, J. Philippe, X. Shi, Integrating Different Types of Knowledge for Digital Soil Mapping, SSSAJ: Volume 73: Number 5, September–October 2009,1682-1692



Becker, C. (2012). Sustainability ethics and sustainability research. Springer, Dordrecht. Retrieved from

Beder, S. (1995). Engineers, ethics, and sustainable development. Retrieved from

Beder, S. (2003). Environment and crisis. Retrieved from

Boone, C.G., & Fragkias, M. (2012). Connecting Environmental Justice, Sustainability, and Vulnerability. In: C. Boone & M. Fragkias (Eds.). Urbanization and Sustainability. (pp.49-59). Human Environment Interactions, vol. 3. Springer, Dordrecht.

Brennan, A., & Lo, Y. (2015). Environmental Ethics. In: E.N. Zalta (Ed.). The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Stanford University. Curren, Randall. (2013). Defining Sustainability Ethics. In: M. Boylan (Ed.). Environmental ethics. (2nd ed., pp. 331-345). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Fox, W. (2005).The quest for sustainable development. Lansdowne, Cape Town: Juta Academic.

Kibert, C. J., Thiele, L., Peterson, A., Monroe, M. (2011). The Ethics of Sustainability: Chapter 3: Making Ethical Decisions. Pennsylvania State University. (pp. 66-70)

Kibert, C. J., Thiele, L., Peterson, A., Monroe, M. (2011). The Ethics of Sustainability: Chapter 8: The Process of Decision Making. Pennsylvania State University. (pp. 192-212)

Muhammad, I. & Low, N. (2006). Mega projects in transport and development: background in Australian case studies. Retrieved from

Nelson, M. P. & Vucetich, J. A. (2012). Sustainability Science: Ethical Foundations and Emerging Challenges. Nature education knowledge, 3(10):12.

Oermann, N.O., & Weinert, A. (2016). Sustainability Ethics. In: H. Heinrichs, P. Martens, G.

Michelson, & A. Wiek (Eds.). Sustainability Science. (pp. 175-192). Springer, Dordrecht.

Santillo, D., Johnston, P., Everard, M., Robert, K. (2007). Environmental and Sustainability Research-International: Reclaiming the Definition of Sustainability. Ecomed. (pp. 63-66).

Syrgiannis, C. & Fazenda, I. (2013). Ethics for sustainable development. RISUS: Journal on Innovation and Sustainability. 4:2.

Shearman, R. (1990). The meaning and ethics of sustainability. Environmental Management, 14:1.


Inter- and Transdisciplinary Approaches:

Carr, G., Loucks, D. P., & Bloschl, G. (2018). Gaining Insight into Interdisciplinary Research and Education Programmes: A Framework for Evaluation. Research Policy, 47, iss. 1. 35-48. doi: 10.1016/j.respol.2017.09.010

Freeth, R., & Caniglia, G. (2019). Learning to collaborate while collaborating: advancing interdisciplinary sustainability research. Sustainability Science. doi:10.1007/s11625-019-00701-z

Hardorn, G. H., Hoffmann-Riem, H., Biber-Klemm, S., Grossenbacher-Mansuy, W., Joye, D., Pohl, C., Wismann, U., & Zemp, E. (Eds). (2018). Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research.Retrieved from

Hopping, Kelly A., et al. “The Demise of Caterpillar Fungus in the Himalayan Region Due to Climate Change and Overharvesting.” PNAS, National Academy of Sciences, 6 Nov. 2018,

Kirchhoff, C. J., Lemos, M. C., & Dessai, S. (2013). Actionable Knowledge for Environmental Decision Making: Broadening the Usability of Climate Science. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 38, 395-398. doi: 10.1146/annurev-environ-022112-112828

Lang, D. J., Wiek, A., Bergmann, M., Stauffacher, M., Martens, P., Moll, P., Swilling, M., & Thomas, C. J. (2012). Transdisciplinary research in sustainability science: practice, principles, and challenges. Sustainability Sci, 7 (Supplement 1), 25-43. doi: 10.1007/s11625-011-0149-x

Levesque, V. R., Calhoun, A. J. K., & Bell, K. P. (2019). Actions speak louder than words:  designing transdisciplinary approaches to enact solutions. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 9(2), 159–169. doi: 10.1007/s13412-018-0535-0

Marshall, F., Dolley, J., & Priya, R. (2018). Transdisciplinary research as transformative space making for sustainability: enhancing propoor transformative agency in periurban contexts. Ecology & Society, 23(3), (pp. 579–591). Retrived from

Rutting, L., Post, G., De Roo, M., Blad, S., & De Greef, L. (2016). The interdisciplinary research process. In Menken S. & Keestra M. (Eds.), An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Research: Theory and Practice(pp. 51-56). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. Retrieved from

Smotherman, M. 13 November 2019. Developing a biomimetic acoustic deterrent to reduce bat mortalities at wind turbines. Presentation. University of New Hampshire. Durham, NH.

Stephen, K. (2017, October 27). The Future of Arctic Research: Multi-, Inter- and Transdisciplinary Approaches. Retrieved from:

Strober, Myra H. (01 December 2010). Interdisciplinary Conversations: Challenging Habits of Thought. Available from

Wilbertz, J. (2013). Evaluating societal relevance of research. s.n. (p. 4). Retrieved from


Co-Production of Knowledge :

Armitage, D., Berkes, F., Kocho-Schellenberg, E., & Patton, E. (2011). Co-management and the co-production of knowledge: Learning to adapt in Canada’s Arctic. Global Environmental Change, 21(3), 995-1004. Retrieved from S0959378011000665-main.pdf?_tid=2c8a2463-7c8b-46a8-aa2a- e10e57d168a8&acdnat=1543460456_4c5a44a858c485459214defcbb9cea70

Binder, C. (2014). Transdisciplinarity: Co-creation of Knowledge for the Future. RCC Perspectives, (2), 31-34. Retrieved from

Boyle, D., & Harris, M. (2009). The Challenge of Co-Production. Discussion Paper, 1-28. Retrieved from production.pdf

Cash, D. W., Borck, J. C., & Patt, A. G. (2006). Countering the Loading-Dock Approach to Linking Science and Decision Making. Science, Technology, & Human Values, 31(14), 465-494. Retrieved from

Clark, W. C., Tomich, T. P., Noordwijk, M. V., Guston, D., Catacutan, D., Dickson, N. M., & Mcnie, E. (2011). Boundary work for sustainable development: Natural resource management at the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,113(17), 4615-4622. doi:10.1073/pnas.0900231108

Cutts, B. B., White, D. D., & Kinzig, A. P. (2011). Participatory geographic information systems for the co-production of science and policy in an emerging boundary organization. Environmental Science & Policy,14(8), 977-985. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2011.05.012

Davidson-Hunt, I., Idrobo, C., Pengelly, R., & Sylvester, O. (2013). Anishinaabe Adaptation to Environmental Change in Northwestern Ontario: A Case Study in Knowledge Co Production for Nontimber Forest Products. Ecology and Society, 18(4). Retrieved from

Djenontin, I. N., & Meadow, A. M. (2018). The art of co-production of knowledge in environmental sciences and management: Lessons from international practice. Environmental Management, 61(6), 885-903. doi:10.1007/s00267-018-1028-3

Hopwood, B., Mellor, M., & O’Brien, G. (2005). Sustainable development: Mapping different approaches. Sustainable Development, 13(1), 38-52. doi:10.1002/sd.244

Kirchhoff, C. J., Lemos, M. C., & Dessai, S. (2013). Actionable Knowledge for Environmental Decision Making: Broadening the Usability of Climate Science. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 393-414. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-022112-112828

London, S. (2018). Building Collaborative Communities. Scott London. Retrieved November 27, 2018.

McGreavy, B., Hutchins, K., Smith, H., Lindenfeld, L., & Silka, L. (2013). Addressing the Complexities of Boundary Work in Sustainability Science through Communication. Sustainability,5(10), 4195-4221. doi:10.3390/su5104195

Miller, C. (2001). Hybrid Management: Boundary Organizations, Science Policy, and Environmental Governance in the Climate Regime. Science, Technology, & Human Values,26(4), 478-500. doi:10.1177/016224390102600405

Turney, Jon. “Contemplating Co-Production.” Future Earth, 2014, Retrieved from

W. (1987). Energy: The Power to Develop. World Commission on Environment and Development, 17, 149th ser.


Boundary work:

Bednarek, A. T., Wyborn, C., & Cvitanovic, C. (n.d.). Boundary spanning at the science–policy interface: The practitioners’ perspectives(pp. 1175-1183, Publication). Springer. doi:Sustainability Science (2018) 13:1175–1183. Retrieved from

Broadening the Usability of Climate Science. Annual Reviews,38(393), 414th ser., 394-396. Retrieved November 2, 2018, from

Leimona, Beria, et al. (15 October 2015). “Boundary Work: Knowledge Co-Production for Negotiating Payment for Watershed Services in Indonesia.” Ecosystem Services, vol. 15, pp. 45–62., doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2015.07.002. Retrieved from

Nel, Jeanne L., et al. (June 2015). “Knowledge Co-Production and Boundary Work to Promote Implementation of Conservation Plans.” Conservation Biology, vol. 30, no. 1, 23 June 2015, pp. 176–188., doi:10.1111/cobi.12560. Retrieved from

“Wicked Problems.” Wicked Problems: Problems Worth Solving – Wicked Problem, Retrieved from


Citizen Science:

“Alice Ferguson Foundation.” (2018) Trash Free Schools « Alice Ferguson Foundation, Retrieved from

Bonney, Rick, Caren B. Cooper, Janis Dickinson, Steve Kelling, Tina Phillips, Kenneth V. Rosenberg, and Jennifer Shirk. (2009) “Citizen Science: A Developing Tool for Expanding Science Knowledge and Scientific Literacy.” BioScience 59, no. 11 pp. 977-doi:10.1525/bio.2009.59.11.9.

Bonney, R., Ballard, H., Jordan, R., McCallie, E., Phillips, T., Shirk, J., and Wilderman, C. C. (2009). Public Participation in Scientific Research: Defining the Field and Assessing Its Potential for Informal Science Education. A CAISE Inquiry Group Report. Washington, D.C.: Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education (CAISE).

Cavalier, D., and Kennedy, E. B., eds. (2016). The Rightful Place of Science: Citizen Science. Tempe, AZ: Consortium for Science, Policy & Outcomes.

Chandler, Mark, Daniel P Bebber, Sebastian Castro, Margaret D Lowman, Paul Muoria, Nicholas Oguge, and Daniel I Rubenstein. (2012)”International Citizen Science: Making the Local Global.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10, no. 6 pp. 328-31. Retrieved from

Follet, Ria, and Vladimir Strezov. (23 Nov. 2015) “An Analysis of Citizen Science Based Research: Usage and Publication Patterns.” PLOS, retrieved from

Jansujwicz, Jessica S. , and Aram J. Calhoun Editor. (2017) “Community-based Strategies for Strengthening Science and Influencing Policy: Vernal Pool Initiatives in Maine.” Maine Policy Review 26.2 pp. 33 -42, Retrieved from iss2/7.

Jordan, Rebecca C, Heidi L Ballard, and Tina B Phillips. (2012) “Key Issues and New Approaches for Evaluating Citizen-science Learning Outcomes.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10, no. 6 pp. 307-09. Retrieved from

Maynard, Andrew. (6 Nov. 2018) “Can Citizen Science Empower Disenfranchised Communities?” The Conversation, Brink, retrieved from citizen-science-empower-disenfranchised-communities-53625.

Roy, Siddhartha, and Anurag Mantha. (2018). “Flint Water Study Updates.” Flint Water Study Updates, retrieved from

SciStarter. (2018). “What is Citizen Science.” retrieved from

Semuels, Alana. (29 May 2016) “How Aging Infrastructure Is Poisoning the U.S. Drinking Supply.” The Atlantic, Atlantic Media Company, retrieved from


Knowledge to Action:

Beier, P., Hansen, L. J., Helbrecht, L., & Behar, D. (2017). A How-to Guide for Co-production of Actionable Science. Conservation Letters, 10(3), 288–296.

Burns, Danny. Action Research, System Action Research: A Strategy for Whole System Change, 1st Ed., Bristol University Press, Bristol, 2007, pp. 11-20. Retrieved from

Chapter 7. Encouraging Involvement in Community Work | Section 8. Identifying and Analyzing Stakeholders and Their Interests | Main Section | Community Tool Box(n.d.). Retrieved November 27, 2017.

Clark, W. C., van Kerkhoff, L., Lebel, L., & Gallopin, G. C. (2016). Crafting usable knowledge for sustainable development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(17), 4570–4578.

Clark, W. C., Tomich, T. P., Noordwijk, M. van, Guston, D., Catacutan, D., Dickson, N. M., & McNie, E. (2016). Boundary work for sustainable development: Natural resource management at the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(17), 4615–4622.

Fazey, I., Fazey, J. A., Salisbury, J. G., Lindenmayer, D. B., & Dovers, S. (2006). The nature and role of experiential knowledge for environmental conservation. Environmental Conservation, 33(1), 1–10.

Hart, D. D., Bell, K. P., Lindenfeld, L. A., Jain, S., Johnson, T. R., Ranco, D., & McGill, B. (2015).

Hopwood, B., Mellor, M., & O’Brien, G. (2005). Sustainable development: mapping different approaches. Sustainable Development, 13(1), 38–52.

Jacobs, K., Lebel, L., Buizer, J., Addams, L., Matson, P., McCullough, E., … Finan, T. (2016). Linking knowledge with action in the pursuit of sustainable water-resources management. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(17), 4591–4596. Retrieved from

Kars, Henk, et al. (2010). editors. “Linking Knowledge to Action: an Introduction.” The Cultural Landscape & Heritage Paradox: Protection and Development of the Dutch Archaeological-Historical Landscape and Its European Dimension University Press, pp. 69–82. JSTOR

London, Scott. Building Collaborative Communities – An Essay by Scott London. (n.d.).

Mantyka-Pringle, C. S., Jardine, T. D., Bradford, L., Bharadwaj, L., Kythreotis, A. P., Fresque-Baxter, J., Lindenschmidt, K.-E. (2017). Bridging science and traditional knowledge to assess cumulative impacts of stressors on ecosystem health. Environment International, 102, 125–137.

Matson_Pursuing Sust_Chapt5_Linking Knowledge with Action.pdf: SUST 501.01: SUST Perspectives & Methods (Fall 2017). (n.d.).

Mosher, Eve. “Eve s. Mosher.” Eve s. Mosher, 6 Apr. 2011

Muñoz-Erickson, Tischa A., et al. (June 2017) “How Cities Think: Knowledge Co-Production for Urban Sustainability and Resilience.” Forests (19994907), vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 1-17. Nguyen, VM, Young N, Cooke SJ. Applying a knowledge-action framework for navigating barriers to incorporating telemetry science into fisheries management and conservation: a qualitative study 1. Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences. 2018;75(10):1733-1743. doi:10.1139/cjfas-2017-0303.

Pohl, C., Rist, S., Zimmermann, A., Fry, P., Gurung, G. S., Schneider, F., Wiesmann, U. (2010). Researchers’ roles in knowledge co-production: experience from sustainability research in Kenya, Switzerland, Bolivia and Nepal. Science & Public Policy (SPP), 37(4), 267– 281.

Reed, M. S., Stringer, L. C., Fazey, I., Evely, A. C., & Kruijsen, J. H. J. (2014). Five principles for the practice of knowledge exchange in environmental management. Journal of Environmental Management, 146(Supplement C), 337–345.

Wooltorton, S., Wilkinson, A., Horwitz, P., Bahn, S., Redmond, J., & Dooley, J. (2015). Sustainability and action research in universities. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 16(4), 424–439. Retrieved from 09-2013-0111


Three Relevant Case Studies:

Ansell, and Gash. Collaborative Governance in Theory and Practice. University of California, Berkely, 2008.

Beier, Paul, Hansen, Lara J., Helbrecht, Lynn, Behar, David. (August 2016). A How-to Guide for Coproduction of Actionable Science. Conservation Letters.

Calhoun, Aram, et al. (2019) “Actions Speak Louder than Words.” Journal of Environmental Studies and Science.

Calhoun, Aram, et al. (2019) “Conserving Vernal Pool Ecosystems and Supporting Municipal Growth through Stakeholder Engagement – Case Study.”

Clark, William. (6 February 2007). Sustainability Science: A Room of Its Own . PNAS.

Matson. (2016). “Pursuing Sustainability: A Guide to the Science and Practice (Hardcover and EBook) | Princeton University Press.” Princeton University, The Trustees of Princeton University, Retrieved from

Levesque, Vanessa, et al. (2016) “Turning Contention into Collaboration.” Society and Natural Resources.

Levesque, Vanessa, et al. (2019).“Vernal Pool Conservation: Enhancing Existing Regulation Through the Creation of the Maine Vernal Pool Special Area Management Plan.”

Levesque, Vanessa. Vernal Pools Background – Slides.

McGreavy, Bridie, Hutchins, Karen, Smith, Holly, Lindenfeld, Laura, Silka, Linda. (August 2013). Addressing the Complexities of Boundary Work in Sustainability Science through Communication. Open Access Sustainability. Retrieved from

Perry, Elissa, and Aja Duncan. (2017). “Multiple Ways of Knowing.”

Remington-Doucette. Sustainable World. 2nd ed.

Rockingham Planning Commission. (September 2015). From Tides to Storms: Preparing for New Hampshire’s Future Coast.

Strober, Myra H. (2010) Interdisciplinary Conversations : Challenging Habits of Thought, Stanford University Press. ProQuest Ebook Central, Retrieved from

Princeton University Press. (2016). Princeton University, The Trustees of Princeton University, Retrieved from

McGreavy, Bridie, Hutchins, Karen, Smith, Holly, Lindenfeld, Laura, Silka, Linda. (August 2013). Addressing the Complexities of Boundary Work in Sustainability Science through Communication. Open Access Sustainability.

“Vernal Pool SAMP.” Of Pools and People, Photos: Fig 1. Retrieved from Fig 2. Others from google images




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