AECID Agencia Española de la Cooperación Internacional de Desarrollo

AEI Afrique-Europe-Interact (transnational migration advocacy network)

AfD Alternative fĂŒr Deutschland (Alternative for Germany; far-right German political party)

AFIC Africa-Frontex-Intelligence Community

AG RĂŒck Bund-LĂ€nder-Arbeitsgruppe RĂŒckfĂŒhrungen (Federal- and State-level Workgroup on Repatriations)

AHK Außenhandelskammer (German Chambers of Commerce Abroad)

AI Amnesty International

AME L’Association Malienne des ExpulsĂ©s (Malian Association of Deportees)

AQM al-Qaida in the Maghreb (Islamist militia and branch of the global terrorist network in North Africa)

ASD Aerospace and Defence Industries Association of Europe

AU African Union

BAMF Bundesamt fĂŒr Migration und FlĂŒchtlinge (Federal Office for Migration and Refugees)

BKA Bundeskriminalamt (Federal Criminal Police Office)

BMVg: Bundesministerium fĂŒr Verteidigung (Federal Ministry of Defence)

BMZ Bundesministerium fĂŒr wirtschaftliche ZusammenÂŹarbeit und Entwicklung (Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development)

CDU Christlich Demokratische Union (Christian Democratic Union; conservative German political party)

CIGEM Centre d’Information et de Gestion des Migrations (Euro-Malian agency for migration management)

CSU Christlich-Soziale Union (Christian Social Union; conservative political party in Bavaria)

DG ECHO Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

DIE Deutsches Institut fĂŒr Entwicklungspolitik (German Development Institute)

DW Deutsche Welle (Germany’s public international broadcaster)

EAC East African Community

EADS European Aeronautic Defence and Space; European corporation since renamed Airbus

EBCG European Border and Coast Guard

ECCHR European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights:

ECHR European Court of Human Rights

ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States

EDF European Development Fund

EEAS European External Action Service

EIRR Eritrean Initiative on Refugee Rights

EMN European Migration Network

EOS European Organisation for Security

EPA Economic Partnership Agreement

ERMCE Enhancing the Response to Migration Challenges in Egypt (EU-funded migration policy program in Egypt)

ESF European Security Fencing (Spanish fencing producer)

ESI European Stability Initiative

ESSN Emergency Social Safety Net (EU program for supporting Syrian refugees in Turkey paid from the FRT)

EU: European Union

EU-LISA European Agency for the operational management of Large-Scale IT Systems

EUBAM European Union Border Assistance Mission (EU training mission in Libya)

EUCAP EU Capacity Building Mission (EU military mission in Niger and Sahel)

EURODAC European Dactyloscopy (fingerprint identification system which records the fingerprints of all registered asylum seekers)

EUROPOL European Union law enforcement agency

EUROSUR European Border Surveillance System

EUTF EU Emergency Trust Fund (European emergency fund for Africa)

EUTM European Training Mission

FDP Free Democratic Party (liberal German political party)

FRA EU Fundamental Rights Agency

FRT Facility for Refugees in Turkey (EU program to support Syrian refugees in Turkey)

GIZ Deutsche Gesellschaft fĂŒr Internationale ZusammenÂŹarbeit (German Corporation for International Cooperation)

GNA Government of National Accord (provisional government in Libya)

HRW Human Rights Watch

IBM Integrated Border Management

ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization

ICC International Criminal Court

ICJ International Court of Justice

IGAD Intergovernmental Authority on Development (peace-keeping and development association between Northeast African states)

IOM International Organization for Migration

IPA Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (EU financing instrument for membership candidates)

IS Islamic State (Islamist terrorist organization)

IWI Israel Weapon Industries

JEM Justice and Equality Movement (Sudanese rebel organization)

KfW Kreditanstalt fĂŒr Wiederaufbau (German state-owned development bank)

LIBE Committee on Civil Liberties Justice and Home Affairs

MINUSMA United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (UN mission in Mali)

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NCCHF National Committee to Combat Human Trafficking (Sudan)

NDR Norddeutscher Rundfunk (North-German public broadcaster

NGO Non-Governmental Organization

NIS Nigeria Immigration Service

NISS National Intelligence and Security Service (Sudan)

NRC Norwegian Refugee Council

NSS National Security Sector (Egypt’s security service)

OECD Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development

RABIT Rapid Border Intervention Teams of Frontex (police officers from all over the EU deployed to the external borders)

ROCK Regional Operational Centre in support of the Khartoum Process and AU-Horn of Africa Initiative

RSF Rapid Support Forces (Sudan’s border protection unit)

SADC Southern African Development Community

SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany

SPÖ Social Democratic Party of Austria

UEMOA Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (West African Economic and Monetary Union)

UN United Nations

UNECA United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UN refugee agency)

UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNOWAS United Nations Office for West Africa

USA United States of America

WAPIS West Africa Police Information System

WDR Westdeutscher Rundfunk (public broadcaster for Western Germany)

WHO World Health Organization

WTO World Trade Organization

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Dictators as Gatekeepers for Europe Copyright © 2019 by Christoph Links Verlag GmbH. All Rights Reserved.

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