A set of assumptions about the nature of human learning that guide constructivist learning theory and teaching methods. Constructivism values developmentally appropriate, teacher-supported learning that is initiated and directed by the student.


stands for Community of Practice -Refers to the process of social learning that occurs when people who have a common interest in some subject or problem collaborate over an extended period to share ideas, find solutions, and build innovations.

Design Thinking

a problem-solving strategy based on solutions.

Design Thinking Model

The different approaches that some design focussed agencies has provided as the Design Thinking process: such D.School, IDEO, AC3D model...etc.

Design Thinking Process

" Design process is the way in which methods come together through a series of actions, events or steps" (Waloszek, 2012).


An emergency is a sudden, difficult, or hazardous circumstance that calls for immediate action to be taken, especially when it involves an accident.


Empathy is the skill gained by designers via research to completely understand people' issues, requirements, and goals in order to build the best solutions for them.


online learning- E-learning through the internet (as opposed to a local or wide area network).
online learning- computer-based learning or mobile-based learning.
virtual learning environments-(VLE) are e-learning software packages that provide/facilitate the delivery of online learning content for individual learners.
Media type- Distance learning (postal, mail, paper).
Website- a website is a collection of web pages with different contents.
Engagement- learners or students willing to spend time, effort, and engage in the lessons to learn.

Internally Displaced People (IDPs)

Unlike refugees, IDPs do not cross the border of their countries, being displaced inside the territory of their own country, seeking protection from their government although that government caused the reasons for their displacement.

Natural disaster

"a situation or event, which overwhelms
local capacity, necessitating a request to
the national or international level for
external assistance; an unforeseen and
often sudden event that causes great
damage, destruction and human suffering" UNSD


Term was first coined in 2004. Typically refers to the process of providing audio episodes on a regular schedule with a specific RSS feed that allows listeners to capture the content on mobile devices such as smartphones or tablets.


a first or experimental version of a device or a product from which subsequent versions are produced.


Rapport:  a close and harmonious relationship in which the people or groups concerned understand each other's feelings or ideas and communicate well.


"Refugees are people who have fled war, violence, conflict or persecution and have crossed an international border to find safety in another country"(UNHCR)

Social Community

Social Community: includes three ingredients: (a) interpersonal networks that provide sociability, social support, and social capital to their members; (b) residence in a shared locality, such as a village or neighborhood; and (c) solidarity sentiments and activities.

Social-Emotional learning

The process of fostering the self-awareness, self-control, and interpersonal abilities necessary for success in school, the workplace, and in life is known as social-emotional learning (SEL).


According to American psychology association, trauma is an emotional reaction to a traumatic incidents  such as accident, rape, or natural disaster. Shock and denial are common reactions immediately following a tragedy. Long-term effects include erratic emotions, flashbacks, strained relationships, and even physical problems like as headaches or nausea.


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Strong Schools Copyright © 2023 by Stefanie Panke; Alizeh Sultan; Amena Karimi; Fatima Ameri; Fatima Nasiry; Fatima Mohammadi; Israt Jahan Oeeshi; Mahroosa Noori; Zulikha Malekzai; Sawdah Rubai Bente Hoque; Masturah Pakbin Alizada; Zainab Mirzaie; Ritu Tripura; Mursal Amanzai; Mahdia Ahmadi; Roshan Gul Haidari; Bibi Lina Azizi; Arezo Sultani; Nilofar Shewa; Fatima Qasemi; Tamana Setayesh; Sima Ahmadi; Masoona Noori; and Khurshid Arif is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book