When to Standardise and How

1.5 hours

In a presentation followed by a practical exercise, guide students to understand what standardisation is, why it is important in population health studies and how to do it.

By the end of the session, students can:

  • Explain why standardisation is important.
  • Perform standardisation.

Develop a lecture based on concrete examples of research to illustrate the key concepts related to standardisation. (Step 1)
Prepare the practical exercise. (Step 2)

Instructional materials:

  • Preston, S., Houseline, P. & Guillot, M. (2001) Demography: Measuring and Modeling Population Processes, Malden MA: Blackwell, pp. 21-28.

Further reading:


Time Step Who
30 minutes 1. Present key concepts and examples Facilitator
1 hour 2. Practice the steps Individuals
Step 1. Present key concepts and examples
30 minutes

The student presents an aspect of their research project to members of their pre-assigned WIP group of peers and facilitators. The chair introduces the presenter and ensures that s/he stops at 15 minutes.

Step 2. Practice the steps
30 minutes

Through this practical exercise making use of Excel, students gain:

  • An overview of crude death rate (CDR), age specific death rates (ASDR),
  • An appreciation of the importance and limitations of each of the concepts.


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