– Law

Might include:

Criminology, police, prison

Human rights

Animal rights

Duties (to help in case of emergency or severe distress)

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suffering#Social_sciences: “In law, “Pain and suffering” is a legal term that refers to the mental distress or physical pain endured by a plaintiff as a result of injury for which the plaintiff seeks redress. Assessments of pain and suffering are required to be made for attributing legal awards. In the Western world these are typical made by juries in a discretionary fashion and are regarded as subjective, variable, and difficult to predict, for instance in the US,[22] UK,[23] Australia and New Zealand.[24] See also, in US law, Negligent infliction of emotional distress and Intentional infliction of emotional distress.”


About Suffering: Our Evolving Action Plan Copyright © by Partners for a Global Management of Suffering (Eds). All Rights Reserved.

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