If an article has a DOI (digital object identifier) include it in your reference list. Hyperlinked DOIs are useful for readers who do not have access to your institution’s subscription databases.

You do not have to hyperlink the DOI in your reference list but it’s recommended. A hyperlinked (https://doi.org/) will make a  reader to a journal article or a publisher’s homepage (see APA Style DOIs and URLs for more information).

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of document. Title of Complete Work, xx, pp-pp. https://doi.org/10.xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Porter, N. (2012). Promotion of pretend play for children with high-functioning autism through the use of circumscribed interests. Early Childhood Education Journal, 40(3), 161-167. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10643-012-0505-1

If you come across an article that does not have a DOI, use the DOI Resolvers below to find out more from the publisher’s website:



(American Psychological Association, 2020, pp. 298-300)


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