Annotated Student Sample: Social Media Post and Responses on Voter Suppression


Chapter Information

  • Determine how conventions are shaped by purpose, language, culture, and expectations.
  • Read for inquiry, learning, critical thinking, and communicating in varying rhetorical and cultural contexts.
  • Distinguish relationships between genre conventions, ideas, patterns of organization, and interplay between various elements and how they influence the rhetorical situation.
Ohio Congressperson Marcy Kaptur stands in front of the Supreme Court with voter Larry Harmon; a security guard is in the background.
Image 6.3 In Ohio, legal voter Larry Harmon was purged from the voter rolls because he had not voted since 2008. (credit: “Kaptur stands up for Ohio voters at Supreme Court” by Congresswoman Marcy Kaptur from Wikimedia Commons used according to CC BY 2.0)


In the social media thread that follows, Proud Immigrant Citizen @primmcit posts about immigration and voter suppression. Others add their comments regarding voter suppression. Consider the ways in which each person responds to this initial post.

Living by Their Own Words

Social Media Thread

Proud Immigrant Citizen @primmcit

POTUS and DOJ have created a section dedicated to denaturalization. Strips citizenship and disenfranchises immigrant citizens, mainly persons of color, on trumped-up charges. Not-so-subtle way to control who can and cannot vote! This is a nightmare!

This opening post sets up a rhetorical situation. The genre is social media in which the platform limits the number of characters. The author’s purpose is to inform others about a policy. It may also be to collect “likes” or reposts to spread the information, regardless of its accuracy. The audience is a collection of social media users—some known, some unknown. The author’s stance is against the denaturalization policy. The context is a POTUS/DOJ action against immigrants. The culture shows a conflict between immigrants and the current administration (and its supporters).

History Buff @historyfuture

This is not new. Immigration Act of 1924 limited number of new immigrants to 2% of current U.S. citizens of that nationality. Largest groups (e.g., White people from northwest Europe) kept getting bigger. Effective way to concentrate political power.

This response provides further information about the rhetorical situation by offering historical context, which, again, may or may not be accurate.

Proud Immigrant Citizen @primmcit

It may not be new, but it’s still wrong!

The original poster reiterates their stance.

American and Proud @IPledge

Are you for real saying that the government shouldn’t control immigration? I don’t want all these criminals voting, and I’ve had it up to here with everyone’s stupid complaining!

This response provides an inaccurate summary of the original post. The tone shows anger and unwillingness to engage in meaningful discussion or to learn more about the issue. This person’s mind is made up, so it would be hard to convince them to take a new or refined position.

Peter @BetweenTheLines

No, Proud Immigrant is saying that denaturalization is being used as a means of voter suppression.

This response corrects the previous responder with an accurate paraphrase of the original poster’s stance and hints at the factual nature of the original post.

Karen @ConservativeGirlend 

What are the trumped-up charges? Can you direct me to some evidence? Sounds like a lot of liberal garbage.

This responder, although clearly against the original poster’s stance, properly asks for evidence—something that may be provided through a link to keep the character count within the confines of the genre. Based on the handle and the end of the post, this person may or may not be open to a new perspective or factual information about the issue.

Miguel @BothSides

Liberal or conservative, voter suppression is one of the most dangerous threats to our democracy.

This responder offers an evaluation, regardless of stance. The tone indicates a reasonable attitude. However, by stating “liberal or conservative,” this post may limit the audience since other cultures, such as moderate or progressive, may be following the thread.

Sarah @IWatch

tWhen the news talks about low voter turnout in an election, it’s hard to know why people didn’t show up.

This responder begins an analysis of the original post by providing a questioning tone. However, this post does not seem to further the discussion; it makes a statement and does not follow up with new information or ideas.

Mario @MyVote

Exactly, did they stay home by choice, or were they “encouraged” to stay home by government red tape?

This responder clarifies the analytical question and tries to reengage previous responders. The question also opens up the potential for new evidence from others.

Maria @HomeGirl

It’s not just immigrants. After Obama was elected, more than 20 states passed measures to limit voting in Black and Brown neighborhoods.

This responder offers possible evidence to support the ongoing problem of voter suppression. While unverified, it provides a strong starting point for further inquiry and discussion so that evidence can be brought into the discussion.

Malik @BlackPantherend 

This kind of racism isn’t new. History Buff @historyfuture is right. Closing polling locations in Black and Brown neighborhoods is the new poll tax or literacy test.

This responder makes a connection between the past and present—an element of analysis.

Cho @HistoryRepeats

Yes, the party seeking power wants their voters to turn out, not all voters.

This responder makes an inference based on the accumulation of evidence. While the conclusion may be sound, it remains unclear.

Megan @FightThePower

It’s easier to suppress the votes of non-supporters than to try to win them over.

This responder makes another inference based on the accumulation of evidence and alludes to previous instances of voter suppression along with potential rationale.

Marco @DontMessWithMe

That’s why we need to #StayInLine

This responder presents a potential call to action—something people can do to fight voter suppression. This call to action assumes the audience within the given culture understands or can find out what #StayInLine means and how to become involved.


You are likely familiar with this type of social media thread—users from different cultures and with differing views coming together to comment on a post. What you may not have realized is that these users and others like them are engaging in rhetoric by responding to a text through summary, paraphrase, analysis, evaluation, calls for evidence, or proposals of action. Again, they demonstrate an understanding of the rhetorical situation and how to navigate within it.

Discussion Questions

1. How might you have responded to the initial post, and why?


2. How do the usernames or handles affect your reading of the posts?


3. What might you have posted to begin a discussion about the voter suppression? How might each of these responders have interacted with your post?


4. What did you learn from the posts, and how might you confirm (or deny) the information provided? What specific items should you research to better engage with and further the discussion?


5. What conventions of social media do you notice (or do you recognize as missing)?



Adapted from Michelle Bachelor Robinson’s, Maria Jerskey’s, and Toby Fulwiler’s “Chapter 1: The Digital World: Building on What You Already Know to Respond Critically” of  Writing Guide with Handbook, 2023,  used according to  CC BY 4.0


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

UNM Core Writing OER Collection Copyright © 2023 by University of New Mexico is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book