Throughout this eBook you will find images of normal anatomy, normal scans, and images of abnormalities. These static images are simple JPEG files, and although they will be helpful to you in learning the content, they do not accurately represent the imaging that clinicians would use in their practice. To do so, one would require a Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS), which allows clinicians to interact with the image by zooming, changing level and window, annotate with circles, arrows and text, and scroll through image data sets.

To help fully appreciate normal anatomy and pathology, you have access to an Online Dicom Image Navigator (ODIN), which gives you access to a more extensive imaging database, in a PACS-like format. They additional images associated with a case are available by clicking the ODIN Link. It will enrich your imaging experience if you take advantage of the additional learning material in the ODIN image repository.

ODIN is not a fully functional PACS software suite but it will give you the chance to view the images with some enhanced features that simulate a PACS. The only images that you can change the level and window for are CT images. You can pan, zoom, scroll, through image data sets. You are also able to annotate, and save, the images in the database for your own teaching and learning strategies. The links to the ODIN content are provided below the thumbnail image(s) in the eBook.

You are also able to search and view other cases in ODIN, to help improve your understanding and exposure to the various imaging techniques and abnormalities. There are many other interesting cases in ODIN.

ODIN User’s Guide – Laptop or Desktop Web Browser

Version 1.4 – June 1,2017

ODIN (Online Dicom Image Navigator) is a server based, HTML5, DICOM image viewer that displays cases created in the U of S MIRC Teaching File. The cases displayed are images without text or reports. The images are anonymized to protect patient confidentiality. Do not use Internet Explorer as your browser. We suggest Firefox, Goggle Chrome, or Safari.

ODIN images can also be accessed specifically by using their case specific urls. These urls can be embedded in a slide, document, or pdf.

ODIN Link for ODIN Home/Search page: https://mistr.usask.ca/odin/

Table of Contents – ODIN

  1. ODIN Search Page
  2. General Image Display
  3. General Toolbar
  4. Image Annotation Tools / Colour Palette Tool
  5. Angle Measurement Tool
  6. Unselect the “Annotation Tool”
  7. Download Image and Annotations Tool
  8. Image Sets with Multiple Stacked Images (CT, MR, US)
  9. Looping Speed Tool
  10. Move/Pan Tool
  11. Zoom Tool
  12. Reset Image (window values, zoom, position (pan), rotation, etc.) Tool
  13. Directory / Open a New Teaching Case Tool
  14. Image Layout Tool
  15. Toggle Text Overlay Tool
  16. View Metadata Tool
  17. Use the Window Tool
  18. Set Window Center and Width Values Tool
  19. Vertical Flip Tool
  20. Horizontal Flip Tool
  21. Rotate Image Left (counter clockwise), Rotate Image Right (clockwise) Tool

1. ODIN Search Page

If you access ODIN via the home page or search page you must search for a case using the search tool that appears.

There are multiple libraries available in MIRC that can be searched, as a whole, or one can select specific libraries for searching.  You can toggle the libraries on or off and you can select specific libraries by using the radio buttons.  Enter your search criteria in the search box and hit the return key or the “Search” radio button.  You can curtail your search by keywords and the pull down menus next to the “Search” button.

Figure 1.1 ODIN Search Page.

This viewer can also be activated when you click on a link in the U of S BlackBoard Learn LMS if your class has incorporated imaging links into the course content.  If you select a link in BlackBoard Learn you will be directed to the case specifically, bypassing the case directory in ODIN.  A new page will open in your web browser displaying the images for the case you selected while in BlackBoard Learn.

2. General Image Display

 All of the images available in the case are displayed as thumbnails on the left when the case first opens.  The default image view is a single image filling the viewing pane.

Figure 1.2 ODIN Default Image View.

The images in the case are shown as thumbnails in the left column.  The active image displayed is highlighted in red in the thumbnail list and on the image pane.

Figure 1.3 ODIN, Selecting an Image

You can left click the other thumbnail images to activate them in the main image viewer.

You can view and alter the appearance of the displayed images but it is not possible for you to alter, damage, erase, or destroy the cases stored in the ODIN viewer.

If necessary, you can export any image that you have altered or annotated. These images you have created can be used for teaching, examinations, learning, or research purposes.  If you use any images for these purposes please acknowledge the source in your work.

3. General Toolbar

There is a tool bar across the top of the window.  This has a variety of image viewing features.  If you hover your pointer over the icon a pop-up box will identify the task this icon will execute.

Figure 1.4 ODIN General Toolbar

4. Image Annotation Tools/Color Palette Tool

The Image Annotation icon allows you to select the line, arrow, circle, box, text tool, and angle measurement tool.

The line tool also acts as a ruler and there is an angle measurement tool as well.

The color panel next to this tool allows you to select a color for your annotation activities.  Different colors can be displayed on the same image.

Figure 1.5 ODIN Image Annotation Toolbar
Figure 1.6 ODIN Colour Palette Toolbar

5. Angle Measurement Tool

 This tool allow you to measure angles.  To use, activate the tool in the pull down menus, click on the first anchor point and drag to the next anchor point, release the mouse button, then move your mouse to the next anchor point and click.  An angle, with the numerical measurement will be displayed.

Figure 1.7a ODIN Angle Measurement Tool
Figure 1.7b ODIN Angle Measurement Tool (closeup)

6. Unselect the “Annotation Tool”

In order to deactivate or unselect the Annotation tool you currently have in use the “Unselect Annotation” tool.

Figure 1.8 ODIN “unselect” annotation tool

7. Download Image and Annotations Tool

 The downward pointing arrowhead in the tool bar allows you to download the displayed image for use in lectures, PowerPoint talks, and for assignments.  This will be used when you have completed the annotation of an assignment image and wish to download it to save and send to the instructor for grading.

Figure 1.9 ODIN Download Image with Annotations

After you left click this icon you will be presented with the following instructions for downloading the image in the viewer pane.

Figure 1.10 ODIN Download Image Instructions Pane

8. Image Sets with Multiple Stacked Images (CT, MR, US)

If a case has stacked images you will see the full image set in the thumbnail list as multiple small boxes.  At the bottom of these stacked, small, boxes, you will see three larger thumbnails.  These represent the first, the middle, and the last image in the stack.  You can click on them to move to these images.  You will see in the small box display that the currently viewed image is highlighted with a small red box.  The middle and last images are small blue boxes.  You can select any one of the small boxes to go directly to that image in the stack.

Figure 1.11 ODIN Image Stack

9. Looping Speed Tool

 If you are viewing a image data set that is a stacked image series i.e. sequential images anatomically stacked from cranial to caudal or right lateral to left lateral, you can view these like a cine movie clip.  This is something that could be an option for sequential MRI, Ultrasound, CT, or Angiography images. To activate this function slide the red button on the Looping Speed Tool to the right and adjust the speed to suit yourself.  To stop looping, slide the red button back to the far left and release it.  Do not try and stop the Looping Tool by reloading the web page as this will generate an error and you will need to restart your browser.  Crashing on reload happens with Mac Safari but not with Firefox.

Figure 1.12 ODIN Looping Speed Tool

10. Image Set Scroll Bar

When an image set is available that allows for scrolling you will also see a scroll bar on the right side of the image pane in the viewing window.  You left click, hold, and drag this red slider tool to scroll through the image set.  This is important for viewing sets of CT, Ultrasound, MRI, and Angiography images if they have been saved as a cine type image set.

11. Move/Pan Tool

The Move or pan icon allows you to move the zoomed image in the viewing pane to see different regions of the image in the magnified format.

Figure 1.13 ODIN Image Move/Pan Tool

12. Zoom Tool

 The image Zoom tool allows you to magnify the image in the viewing pane.

Figure 1.15 ODIN Zoom Tool

Below, you will see the zoomed appearance of the heart shadow zoomed from the original image in this case.  Due to the nature of the image format being displayed, it is possible to zoom the image quite substantially without loosing image detail.

Figure 1.16 ODIN Zoomed In Image View

13. Reset Image (Window Values, Zoom, Position (Pan), Rotation, etc.) Tool

Figure 1.17 ODIN Reset Image Tool

As the tool name implies, this will reset the image to the native state of the original case.

14. Directory/Open a New Teaching Case Tool

If you accidentally close the ODIN web page you can retrieve it by clicking the link in the BlackBoard Learn page you were on.  However, you will have lost any image changes you made using the tool bar icons unless you saved them as downloaded images.  The ODIN case always reverts back to the native state of the case saved in the server.

You can see the other cases stored in the ODIN directory by left clicking the file folder icon on the top left of the toolbar.  You will be presented with the Search Tool to look for other cases of interest.

Figure 1.18 ODIN Directory Tool

15. Image Layout Tool

The default image layout is a single image filling the viewing pane.  You can adjust how many images are displayed in the main image pane, left click the second icon in the upper tool bar.  This icon allows you to change the layout of the main image viewing pane. A box will appear over the image viewing pane that allows you to select the image tile formation.

Figure 1.19a ODIN Image Layout Tool (multiple)

For example, if you left click on the top left, single active image in the thumbnail list will be displayed one at a time in the viewing pane, as shown below.  To see the next thumbnail image in a single plane, left click that thumbnail.

Figure 1.19b ODIN Image Layout Tool (single)

16. Toggle the Text Overlay Tool

Left clicking the “T” icon in the toolbar will toggle the text elements of the image off and on as seen below.

Figure 1.20 ODIN Text Overlay Tool

17. View Metadata Tool

If you wish to view all of the available, textual, metadata for the image being displayed, left click the metadata icon and the background metadata will be displayed.

Figure 1.21a ODIN View Metadata Tool (button)

The available metadata is displayed in a separate box overlying the image.

Figure 1.21b ODIN View Metadata Tool (dialog box)

18. Use the Window Tool

All of the images displayed are presented with the window/level (brightness/contrast) optimally displayed for the type of image being viewed i.e. ultrasound, x-ray, etc.  Left clicking this icon will allow you to change the window/level of the image being viewed using the pull down menu to the right of this icon once you activate this feature.

Figure 1.22a ODIN Use the Window Tool (button)

This is only pertinent for  Computed Tomography (CT), as the image window/level for these types of images can be altered to optimally view different anatomic content i.e. bones, lungs, etc.  The pull down menu allows you to select the features you wish to accentuate on the active window view pane.

Figure 1.22b ODIN Use the Window Tool (drop menu)

19. Set Window Center and Width Values Tool

If you feel that it would be optimal to manually adjust the window/level, you can enter in numerical units that will alter the image appearance to suit your purposes.

Figure 1.23a ODIN Window Center and Width Tool (button)

The dialogue box below will appear allowing you to adjust the image as you see fit.

Figure 1.23b ODIN Window Center and Width Tool (dialogue)

20. Vertical Flip Tool

 The two arrowheads pointing up and down allow you to flip the image in the vertical plane.

Figure 1.24a ODIN Vertical Flip Tool (button)

See below:

Figure 1.24b ODIN Vertical Flip Tool (result)

21. Horizontal Flip Tool

The two arrowheads pointing left and right allow you to flip the image on the horizontal plane.

See below.

Figure 1.25 ODIN Horizontal Flip Tool.

22. Rotate Image Left (Counter Clockwise), Rotate Image Right (Clockwise) Tool

The grey boxes with the circular arrows over them allow you to rotate the image in the direction identified in 90 degree increments, you can rotate the image through the 360 degree circle. See below.

Figure 1.26a ODIN Rotate Image Tool (counter clockwise)


Figure 1.26b ODIN Rotate Image Tool (clockwise)


All images in this chapter by Dr. Brent Burbridge MD, FRCPC, University Medical Imaging Consultants, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan is used under a CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 license.


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Undergraduate Diagnostic Imaging Fundamentals Copyright © 2017 by Brent Burbridge is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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