Module 1. The Significance of Ethnic Studies


In Module 1, we explored race as a social construct and ethnicity as a matter of cultural group identity. We learned that racial formation compels how race is understood and driven by historical, social, political, and economic interests. You were asked to demonstrate greater consciousness about the significance of naming, land acknowledgement, and the value of intergroup dialogue. We also examined patterns of intergroup relations and conflict between Americans of color and the White majority. And lastly, we analyzed the racial reality of the U.S. including racial oppression, inequality, systemic racism, and White power and privilege.


  1. Describe the terms race and ethnicity.
  2. Discuss racial framing and its influence on constructing ideas and perceptions about race.
  3. Explain racial-ethnic group relations in the United States. Identify maladaptive and adaptive interactions between majority and minority groups and the three major patterns of race and ethnic relations influencing the system of stratification in the United States.
  4. Use data and factual information to illustrate the impact of racial framing, intersectionality, otherness, and systemic racism on racial and ethnic oppression and inequality.
  5. Explain why we need to participate in open and honest conversation about race and ethnicity.


From the module, what information and new knowledge did I find interesting or useful? How do I plan to use this information and new knowledge in my personal and professional development and improvement?


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Our Lives: An Ethnic Studies Primer Copyright © 2022 by Vera Guerrero Kennedy and Rowena Bermio is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book