What is Development?

The United Nations created an index for health, education, and wealth indicators to assess a country’s level of development, called the Human Development Index. The statistical indicators for the index include life expectancy, education, and per capita income.

Step 1: Go to the ArcGIS Online map, The Human Development Index, and explore the map.

​Step 2: Click on the United States and examine the pop-up. Repeat for Brazil and Pakistan.

  • How does the Human Development Index vary for these countries?
  • Which two regions are the most developed in the world?

How does crime affect development?

Step 3: With the Details button underlined, click the button, Show Contents of Map (Content).

Step 4: Uncheck the box to the left of the layer name, Human Development Index, 2017.

Step 5: Turn on the layer, Murder Rates per 100,000.

Step 6: Click the button, Bookmarks. Select Central America.

  • Which country has the highest 2015 murder rate?
  • What correlation is there between development and crime?

What effect does the birth rate have on development?

Step 7: Sow the layer, Total Fertility Rate.

Step 8: Filter the data to find regions with the highest fertility rates.

Step 9: From the Contents pane, click the button, Filter.

Step 10: Build the query: Total Fertility Rate 2016 Is Greater Than 3 (value).

  • Higher fertility rates correlate with higher levels of development. (T/F)

Step 11: Turn off the layer, Total Fertility Rate.

How does gender inequality affect development?

Step 12: Turn on the two layers: Gender Inequality Index and the GNI Per Capita.

Step 13: Compare the two layers by turning them on and off.

  • Wealthier countries tend to have less gender inequality. (T/F)

Step 14: Explore the regions of the world, visually.

  • Is there a region that has very high per capita income, but also experiences high levels of gender inequality?
  • How do income and gender inequality affect a country’s HDI ranking?


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Human Geography Lab Manual Copyright © by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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