Fernando Acebes1, R. Testa2, J. Alonso3 and D. Curto1

1 INSISOC – Universidad de Valladolid, Paseo del Cauce 59, 47011 Valladolid, España

2 Living Werk – Av. Apoquindo 6410, Las Condes, Región Metropolitana, Chile

3 Center España – Plaza España 6, 1º | 47001 – Valladolid


Keywords: Project Management, PMBoK, BIM, IBCM, Interoperability

1. Introduction

This work aims to analyze the main applications of BIM Uses with the processes of Project Management in Construction, pretending to generate an integrating proposal. From the analysis of the Project Management Knowledge Guide (PMBoK Guide) [1], the Construction extension of the PMBoK Guide [2], and the procedures corresponding to the BIM methodology [3], a single methodology that integrates the mentioned procedures will be proposed. To achieve this objective, an analysis of how BIM Uses impact the knowledge areas will be carried out. Hence, the incorporation of those BIM Uses into the workflows will be developed.

2. Proposed methodology

An integrative matrix of BIM Uses and the different Knowledge Areas was created. After observing that the greatest benefit of the BIM Uses was in the main project plans (Scope, Time, and Cost) [4], we thought about how to incorporate these Uses into the workflows.  Although BIM has many applicable Uses throughout the project, it is significant to primarily define the areas of implementation, and in which of the processes it will be most useful to apply those specific Uses.

We determined that the Knowledge Areas that benefit most from the BIM Uses were scope, schedule, costs, risks, and stakeholders. These areas of knowledge are called Master Plans. As for the rest of the Knowledge Areas: Quality, Resources, Procurement, HSSE, and Finance, are known as Support Plans. These Knowledge Areas are referred to as Supporting Plans. Whereas the Main Plans are located within and directly related to the BIM environment through the BIM Uses, the Support Plans indirectly benefit from the methodology. Finally, it should be noted that the integration procedure encompasses all processes. This last process is responsible for the coordination of the entire project.

The processes that make up the methodology are divided into three sections. On the one hand, the Initiation Process has the necessary documentation to start the Project. The initial documents will be drawn up and will be used to start the project. They will be used for consultation throughout their life cycle. We decided to unify the Project Constitution Act (PMBoK) with the PreBEP (BIM) to share the same information from the beginning and avoid duplicating documentation.

On the other hand, the Planning, Execution and Monitoring, and Control Processes, concentrates most of the work and application of BIM Uses. Planning should start with the development of the Comprehensive Plan, which defines all the work to be done. It is proposed to gather the Project Plan and BEP plan in a single document with the basic information of the project. That will be useful for all the agents working on the same project. It will also be essential to define and include the communication channels and the levels of information to be exchanged in this new document.

 Finally, the activities of the project conclude and, based on the information obtained from the different procedures, Lessons Learned are developed in the Closing Process. Considering this information in future projects is vital to ensure the success of these projects.

3. Conclusions

We have seen how the various BIM Uses support and complement Project Management throughout the project lifecycle.

While it can be highlighted that the implementation of BIM brings many great benefits, in terms of scheduling (4D) and cost estimation (5D), it is also essential to enrich the scope, risks, and above all, the stakeholders. Good stakeholder management will allow us to achieve project success. Communication is another of the great benefits of Project Management. In this sense, BIM technology provides the means for all agents to share the same information simultaneously, improving transparency in teamwork. In this way, the incorporation of BIM Uses in this new Methodology eliminates duplicities and simplifies the Management of Construction Projects, which are becoming increasingly complex.


  1. Project Management Institute, A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge: PMBoK(R) Guide. Sixth Edition. Project Management Institute Inc., 2017.
  2. Project Management Institute, The Construction Extension to the PMBOK ® Guide. Pennsylvania – USA: Project Management Institute, Inc., 2016.
  3. M. y A. urbana (MITMA) Ministerio de Transportes, “BIM.” [Online]. Available: https://cbim.mitma.es/. [Accessed: 10-Dec-2020].
  4. buildingSMART alliance®, “BIM Project Execution Planning Guide,” 2010. [Online]. Available: https://www.nibs.org/page/bimc. [Accessed: 12-Dec-2020].



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Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management and XXV Congreso de Ingeniería de Organización Copyright © by (Eds.) José Manuel Galán; Silvia Díaz-de la Fuente; Carlos Alonso de Armiño Pérez; Roberto Alcalde Delgado; Juan José Lavios Villahoz; Álvaro Herrero Cosío; Miguel Ángel Manzanedo del Campo; and Ricardo del Olmo Martínez is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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