The World of the 16th Century

The World of the 16th Century

Chapter Outcomes  

Learning Objectives

By the end of this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Identify the historically significant people and events of the 16th century
  • Discuss the characteristics of the world’s people groups, nations, and empires in the 16th century
  • Explain the significance of the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Counter Reformation
  • Describe the impact of exploration and colonization on the world’s indigenous peoples in Africa, Asia, and the Americas
  • Discuss the differences and similarities between the exploration and colonization efforts of European nations
  • Explain the Atlantic Slave trade and its impact on Africans

Questions to Guide your Reading

  1. How do the events of the 16th century illustrate the key role played by trade in the development of human communities and societies?
  2. How do the events of the 16th century illustrate the importance of religion in human history? In what ways do these events show that religion can be a unifying force?  How do they also show that religion can be an instrument of division?
  3. What examples from the 16th century can be found to illustrate the role that technological development has played in human history?
  4. How did the increased contact between the people of the Americas with those of Eurasia impact people living in both regions?
  5. What does the term Columbian Exchange refer to? How did it impact the people living in the Americas and Europe?
  6. What are the similarities and differences between Spanish, English, and French settlements in the Americas?
  7. What were the chief characteristics of the Atlantic slave trade as it developed in the 16th century?


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