The Index of People provides a list of individuals referred to in the letters (in bold, in alphabetical order by last name) and some details about them.

Aepli, Eberbach & Co in Barranquilla, Colombia

Importers and Exporters and General Merchants.

From Colombia a Handbook published by International Bureau of American Republics 1892), an article on “Hanseatic Barranquilla”:

“The tobacco boom that Colombia had, more specifically Carmen de Bolívar, starting in the 1850s, prompted the arrival of German commercial houses and shipping agencies to Barranquilla. In addition, at the same time, there was a reduction in shipping rates for some European companies, which meant a boost to trade and migration from Germany. In the last decades of the last century, the German firms with the highest economic activity in Barranquilla were, among others, those of J. Helm, O. Berne, Hoenisberg & Wessels, Müller & Siefken, Hollman & Merkel, Aepli & Eberbach, and Gieseken & Held.”

See also The German Barranquilla Colony, by Enrique Yidi Daccarett:


Mr & Mrs Allen, in Rio de Janeiro

John Roscoe Allen (b 14th January 1859 Lancashire, d 10th August 1946 in Rio De Janeiro). He is buried in the Cimiterio do Ingleses Gamboa. Married Grace Elizabeth Williams (b 1867, d 1923) in 1888. Daughter Grace Muriel Allen (b 1890).


Ashby boys (in Recollections, Robert Boyd)

Sons of Eric Ashby (b 1904, d 1992); botanist, university administrator, public scientist. His specific legacy in Ulster was based on his incomparable tenure as Vice-Chancellor of Queen’s University, Belfast, for the entire decade of the 1950s.


Mr Bilton

Mr W. H. Bilton, Manager of the London and Brazilian Bank in Pernambuco, lived at Mrs Latham’s when JMcC was there in February 1893 (“Mr Bilton, manager of the London & Brazilian Bank, is living here now, & there are in all eight boarders, – all gentlemen. The tone of the house is excellent.“ he wrote on 18th Feb 1893). The “hubby” of Mrs B  – they were both on the passenger list travelling from Southampton to Pernambuco in May 1897. Retired from his position and returned to England in 1898.

From The Brazilian Review of the 23rd August 1898:

“We regret to hear that Mr. Bilton so long and favourably known in Pernambuco is leaving the London & Brazilian Bank to retire to England. He will be much missed in that community. The brokers presented him with a handsome farewell gift in token of their friendly appreciation and good will. Mr. N. J. Harding the accountant has been named to take Mr. Bilton’s place pro tem, and Mr. R. King to substitute Mr. Harding as accountant. It is thought that Mr Harding who has shown great ability will probably be definitely confirmed in the post.”


Mr Birtner

Friedrich Wilhelm Birtner (b 3rd February 1854 Bremen, m 15th December 1883 to Flor de Maia Baldo Jara). “Mrs Birtner is a native lady . . .” wrote JMcC.


The Blacks

The “heiresses” from “across the way.” It sounds like their mother was a widow. Possibly related to James Black who got married in New York in Jan 1891.


Dora Boas

Dora Rosetta Boas (b 30th March 1865 Antrim). Her parents were Hermann Boas & Caroline, née Spiers, (b ~1840 Holland, d 13th November 1916 Belfast); they were recorded as living in Windsor Park, Belfast, in the 1901 Census. She married Bernard Israel Catz (b ~ 1857 Groningen), son of Israel Catz and Jannetje (née van Aalten) on 12th February 1891 in Groningen.  See also “Mrs Catz.”


Fred Boas 

Dora’s brother (Hermann and Caroline’s son) was Frederick Samuel Boas, OBE, FRSL (b 1862, d 1957), an English scholar of early modern drama. He was born on 24th July 1862, the eldest son of Hermann Boas of Belfast. His family was Jewish. He attended Clifton College as a scholar and went up to Balliol College, Oxford, in 1881 (matriculated 18th October 1881). He was baptized in London 6th June 1890 (age 28). In late 1892 in Oxford he married Henrietta O’Brien, daughter of S. J. Owen, Reader in Indian History at the University of Oxford; they had one son. Frederick Boas died on 1 September 1957.


The Boxwells, in Pernambuco

Miss Boxwell” (Ada Boxwell) was born in 1870 in Liverpool (baptized 18th September 1870). She was the daughter of William James Boxwell, “Cotton Broker”, (b ~1833 Co Wexford, Ireland) and his wife Mary Boxwell.

Ada was the sister of Edith Ann Williams (b ~ 1862, née Boxwell) who is referred to as “Mrs Williams” of Pernambuco (see “The Williams’ of Pernambuco”). John Harvey Boxwell “Brazilian Merchant”, (b ~1845 Co Wexford, Ireland) was based in Pernambuco during the time JMcC was visiting.  He was the uncle of “Miss Boxwell” (Ada Boxwell) and Mrs Williams (Edith Ann, née Boxwell); the brother of their father William James Boxwell.

When JMcC refers to “Mr Harvey Boxwell (old) & 2 nephews,” this would be most likely John Harvey Boxwell (Ada’s uncle) and his nephews John Harvey Boxwell (b ~1868) and William E. G. Boxwell (b~ 1870), both of whom are listed as “Cotton & Sugar Agent Broker” and “Cotton & Sugar Merchant in Brazil” in the 1901 Birkenhead Census. They would be his brother William’s sons, and thus Ada’s brothers.

From the passenger list of the “Clyde” coming from South America, we see the Boxwell clan arriving in Southampton on 28th April 1893 (2 months after the letter from Pernambuco in February 1893): “Embarked in Rio de Janeiro: Mr W J Boxwell age 60 (b ~ 1833); Miss Ada Boxwell age 22 (b~ 1871). Embarked in Pernambuco: Mrs Williams age 32 (b ~1862); Her 4 children: Henry age 6 (b ~1887); Alice age 4 (b ~1889); John age 3 (b ~1890); Annie age 1 ½  (b ~1891); Mr John Harvey Boxwell age 48 (b ~1845).”


Miss Braga

Constance Mary Braga was the Governess who came out to Pernambuco with Mrs Elizabeth Ding (whose husband the Rev William Ding died of yellow fever on 24th Feb 1893, see “Rev William Ding”). Constance (born ~1871 Pernambuco) married Benjamin Howard Tuckniss in 1893. Her father was José Fernandes Marquis Braga, “Brazilian Merchant”, (b 1839 Pernambuco, naturalized), and her moth was Barbara Braga (b 1840 Lancashire). As listed in the 1881 England Census entry for Formby, Lancashire.



See: Singlehurst, Brocklehurst and Co


Miss Browning

The Governess to the Gatis family (see “The Gatis”) was Clara Annette Browning  (b 1st August 1864 New Brompton, Kent). She arrived in the USA in 1904 and married William Wright Wesley in New York City in April 1927. She became a naturalized US citizen in 1940.


Mrs Catz

Presumably Dora Boas (to be Catz) as there is no reference to suggest that her mother-in-law (Mrs Catz) lived outside of Holland.


The Chappells, of Rockway Avenue, Brooklyn

Good friends of Addie’s in NY (see the letters of January 1891) were Mr & Mrs J. H. Chappell and their daughter Millie, age 13-14. Mrs Chappell is described as being much younger than Mr Chappell. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle reported a party at their house on Rockaway Avenue on 18th February 1891.


young Clark(e)

Mentioned as a traveller for “York Street” in JMcC’s letter from Barranquilla on 21st February 1891. Also as a response to his mother writing of Clark’s death in late 1893/early 1894 (letter from Pernambuco, 29th January 1894, “York St. will not easily find another man as good a traveller”). “York Street” probably refers to the “York Street Flax Spinning Company.”



The “young engineer” met aboard ship (the “Australian”) between Trinidad and Curaçao in 1890. He was on board going to Columbia and had worked in Mexico in charge of railway works. This is William Charles Copperthwaite, “civil engineer”, (b 7th March 1861). He is recorded in the Membership of Institution of Civil Engineers  (2nd April 1896) and as marrying Alice (née Hobroyd) in Mexico City on 22nd April 1889.


Mr and Mrs Da Costa who live at “Dalkeith”

This is the Da Costa Family of Barbados. Darnley Da Costa (b 1844, d 1911 London) had taken over the business and had married Ellen Mary Jeanie Clements on 15th December 1875. Darnley and Ellen Mary are likely to have been the Da Costas JMcC visited first in December 1889 (they both would have been 46 then).

More about the Da Costas is recorded online:

“. . . The Da Costa family is believed to be of Portuguese origin and the earliest Da Costas in the Caribbean are thought to have been Sephardic Jews from Europe.

. . . 7 Sept 1868 David (Da Costa b 1819) . . . bought out the remaining partners and renamed the firm Da Costa & Company, with offices at Broad St, Bridgetown. His new partners were his son-in-law, William Phillips Clarke, and his eldest son Darnley. The firm sold a wide range of commodities and David became known as “The Napoleon of Commerce”. He helped the planters by taking over from two US firms in selling their sugar and molasses. The company enjoyed extensive business across the southern Caribbean and Suriname. A particular coup was in persuading the Liverpool Steamship Co. (which later became the Harrison Line) to send their ships to the West Indies.

. . . the family home was Dalkeith House, a large mansion in the centre of Bridgetown.”


Rev William Ding

William Ding (b 20th November 1854 Papworth St Everard [Cambridgeshire], d 24th November 1893 Pernambuco) was British Consular Chaplain in Pernambuco.  He died aged 38 of Yellow Fever which he contracted while taking Holy Communion with a sick parishioner. His wife Elizabeth was on board ship with their young children William Rowland (8 years old, b 1885) and Doris Mary (3 years old, b 1890) en route to Brazil when he became ill. He died only days after her arrival. She was 36 (Elizabeth Isabella née Lowe b 1856, m 2nd November 1884, d 1944).



See: “Power & Duff”


Violet Dunlop

Violet Madoline Dunlop (b 22nd June 1872 Castlereagh [Belfast], m Elliott Hill 1898, d 20th August 1947 Belfast). She was the daughter of Dr Archibald Dunlop and Elizabeth who were listed as residing in Holywood, Co Down in the 1901 Census. Violent went to school with Ada Boxwell.


Harry George Estill

“. . . a fellow called Estil, who lives with Youles in Rio, . . .” was probably Harry George Estill (b 14th November 1866 Madras [India]). He grew up in Lancashire but lived most of his adult life in Brazil working as a coffee exporter. In 1897 Harry married a woman 5 years older than him (Edith Jeavons) in Hounslow (he was then 30 and already listed as resident in Rio de Janeiro). They both died in Rio de Janeiro; she on 20th August 1932 and he on 10th May 1955.



John C Eggers was a commission agent for German trading houses in Bahia (as listed in the 1899 Bahia Registry). He was born on 28th May 1860 in Buxtehude, Hanover, but became a naturalized US citizen in 1882, the same year he married Antonia Meister of Chicago.


Mr Fensohn

Carl Fensohn (b 20th September 1850 Hamburg, d 1st June 1942 Curaçao). He was the German Consul in Curaçao, “acting as agent for the Red D Line and who as such was one of the leading businessmen on the island.” Carl married Marianna Léonore née Esteva (b 24th February 1862 Paris) in Curaçao on 23rd February 1881. He was a secret German agent in World War II: See also “Rivas Fensohn & Co”



“Harry” and “Bob” Fuhr were the sons of Ernest Augustus Fuhr and Dorothea Hannay (b 1836, d 1894). Dorothea was the daughter of Robert Strickland Hannay MD of Lurgan (d 21st June 1894). She and Earnest married on 9th December 1863 in Shankill, Armagh. They had a very large family ranging in age from older to younger than those of Julius and Jane. In 1880 they lived at 1 Mount Pleasant, Strandmillis Road (9 minutes walk from Lennoxvale), and in 1901 one unmarried daughter lived in 52 Malone Avenue (4 minutes walk away).

“Harry” Fuhr was Henry Augustus Robert Fuhr, “civil engineer”, (b 17th May 1868 Belfast, d 1942 King William’s Town, Cape Colony, South Africa). He was four years younger than JMcC. Harry married Marie Elise Knox-Niven in South Africa on 30 July 1895. Her grandfather Richard Niven came from Lisburn (The Belfast Newsletter 5th August 1895). He was mentioned on the List of Associate Members of The Institution of Civil Engineers in 1900, with the date of his election showing as 5th December 1893.

“Bob” Fuhr was Dr Robert Strickland Hannay Fuhr, LRCP, LRCS Edin (b 27th August 1871). He was baptized on 9th December 1895 (!) and married on 1st January 1896. He served as a Lieutenant Colonel in Royal Army Medical Corps in WW I. Harry and Bob had a brother, Ernest Augustus Fuhr (b 1864) who was a surgeon and had changed his name to “Farr.”


The Gatis’

Mr G C Gatis & Mrs Mary Fredina Gatis b 1854. They had 7 children. Lived in Pernambuco. “Miss Browning” (see separate entry) was their governess.


Miss Gilling-Lax

Referred to by JMcC as “Miss Sealingwax,” she was the sister of Ellen Gwendoline Wallace (see “The Wallaces in Buenos Aires”). She was either Katherine Emma (b 1859 Bedfordshire, d 1943 Dorset, unmarried) or Agnes Maud Gilling-Lax (b 1862 Somerset, d 1924 Aylesbury, Bucks, unmarried) or Olive Mary Gilling-Lax (b 1866 Somerset, d 1942 Tunbridge Wells, unmarried) or Ethel Gilling-Lax (b 1872 Somerset, m April 1893, d 1957 in Surrey) or Edith Margaret Gilling-Lax (b 1873 Somerset, d 1945 Sussex).



Edward Gotto, civil engineer (b 1822, d 1897) was the father of Arthur Charles Gotto and Percy Murly Gotto. Between 1860 and 1890, Edward Gotto was in partnership with Frederick Beesley and carried out important drainage works in Rio de Janeiro, Seaford, Trowbridge, Evesham, Huyton and Roby, Redditch, Brentford and Cheshunt. Gotto and Beasley also worked on the water supply of Campos (Brazil), Oswestry, Leominster and Cinderford. In 1862, Edward Gotto founded the Rio de Janeiro City Improvements Company.

Two “Mrs Gottos” are mentioned by JMcC: (1) Margaret Gotto (b 1853) wife of Arthur Charles Gotto (b 1853). They lived on the Malone Road, Belfast. (2) Jane Tulloch Fiddes Murly Gotto (née Laing) (b 1862 Glasgow, d 1934 Romsey, Hants) was the wife of Percy. She was the “young and pretty” Mrs Gotto who was hostess to JMcC in Rio de Janeiro. Percy Murly Gotto (b 18 April 1859, d 20th July 1935 Stockbridge) was also a civil engineer and directed the Rio de Janeiro City Improvements Company founded in 1862 by his father Edward Gotto. He was married in London to Jane on 15th December 1888.

The wedding announcement in The Belfast Newsletter on the 20th December 1888: GOTTO – LAING – December 15, at St. Peter’s, Cranley Gardens, South Kensington, London, by the Rev. E. R. Gotto, Rector of Bradford, Devon, brother of the bridegroom, and the Rev. the Honourable F. E. C. Dyng, and the Rev. J. Faringdon Downes, Percy Murly, fourth son of Edward Grotto, M. Inst. C. E., J. P. for Middlesex, of Hamstead and Rio de Janeiro, to Jane Tulloch Fiddes, eldest daughter of James Robert Laing, of Earl’s Court Square, London.


Alfred Guimarães

Alfred Lopes Guimarães, Merchant, (b~ 1855) had a business in Manchester listed in Slater’s Manchester, Salford, & Suburban Directory of 1903 as “Antunes, Guimarães & Co” in Milverton, Alderley Edge.



See: George Young Kinnaird



Edward Hirschberg (Merchant) was naturalized in Dundee in 1887. He arrived in Dundee having been recommended to Isaac J Weinberg by his father in law Philip Simon from Hamburg. Eduard Hirschberg (b 30th December 1851 Lauenberg, Pomerania, d  1914 Lancashire). “Itzig Eduard Hirschberg” married Selma Hedwig Hirschberg (née Zander) (b 1861 Belgard, Pomerania, d 1946). Belgard was about 15 km north of Lauenburg. Edward and Selma had three children: Alfred Ewald (b 1885, d 1885 aged 3 months), Erika Josephine (b 1887, d 1940), and Frederick Rudolf (b 4th June 1890 Badenweiler [Germany], d 15th December 1963, ?Argentina).



Georg(e) Frederick Hoyer (b ~1860 ?Germany, d 26th April 1910 Rio de Janeiro). He died at the age of 49/50 and was buried in the Cemitéria São João Batista, Botafogo, Município de Rio de Janeiro. He lived at Rua Milo Pecanha; No 17 Sao Domingos. George was a Merchant who married Margaret (b ~1869). They had three children: Vera (b ~1888), Alice (b ~1890), and Olga (b ~1892). All are on the passenger list from Hamburg to Bahia, Brazil (departed 28th Sept 1893) and listed as resident in Bahia, Brazil: George Hoyer (33); Margarethe Hoyer (24); Vera (5); Alice (3); Olga (1). Vera married Walter Malcolm Bevan Williams in Shepherds Bush in 1916. By this time George was deceased and her sisters Margaret and Alice were witnesses.


Adam Jenkins

Probably Adam Primrose Jenkins (b ~1865 Belfast). He was an usher at James Black’s wedding in New York City. He is listed as a “Merchant” arriving in New York on 17th January 1891 on the “Celtic”, 10 days before James Black’s wedding.


Mr von Jess

Eduard von Jess (b 7th May 1863 Hamburg, d 13th July 1935 Maracaibo) married Ana Julia Lossada Diaz in Maracaibo on 7th May 1897. Eduard was a Merchant and Consul who partnered in the early 1900s with Breuer, Möller & Co of Maracaibo (who had split off in 1895 from Minlos, Breuer & Co, a company founded in 1860).


Albert Josephy

Albert was born in Schwerin, Mecklenburg 18th January 1859. He died in Monifieth on 19th November 1918. He was the son of Simon and Franziska (née Jaffé) Josephy. Registered in Mecklenburg-Schwerin census 1867 and naturalized in January 1899, he was shown as residing in Broughty Ferry and working as a linen and yarn merchant. He was a “Subscriber” to Moore and Weinberg and connected to the management of the firm.

From the Edinburgh Gazette of January 2nd 1903:

NOTICE: The firm of MOORE AND WEINBERG, Merchants of Dundee, of which the Subscribers Isaac Julius Weinberg and Frederick Simon Weinberg were the sole Partners, has of this date been dissolved by the retirement therefrom of the said Isaac Julius Weinberg. The Subscriber Frederick Simon Weinberg, the remaining Partner, and the Subscribers George Ivan Weinberg and Albert Josephy, both Merchants, Dundee, who have been connected with the Management of the later firm for many years, will carry on the business for their own behoof under the same name of Moore and Weinberg, and in every respect as heretofore. The new firm will collect all outstanding accounts due to the late firm, and discharge all its liabilities.

Dundee 31st December 1902.


Albert was married in Hamburg on 27th April 1899 to Edith Lieben (born 11th January 1872 Manchester) who was the daughter of merchant Joseph Lieben and Selly (née Hahn). The parents, originally from Hamburg, had naturalized in 1864 and “assimilated” in Manchester, probably including conversion to Protestantism (like Julius Löwenthal). Edith was the fifth of their eight daughters. Albert Josephy was connected to the prominent Belfast family of Jaffe by birth. His mother was Franziska Jaffe, born in Schwerin, daughter of Selig Joseph Jaffe (b 1802, d 1884). His father was Simon Josephy (b 1826, d 1898), the son of Chaim (Heymann) Josephy (b 1795, d 1867). Sir Otto Moses Jaffe was born in Hamburg in 1846. In 1852 his parent Daniel Joseph and Frederike Rahel (née Josephy in 1819, daughter of Joseph Isaac Josephy) brought the family to Belfast. Daniel Joseph Jaffe set up a business exporting linen. So there seems to be a multifactorial Jaffe/Josephy connection from the “old country”.


Theo Just

Theodor Just (b 23rd May 1839 Zittau, Saxony, Germany) was the Moore & Weinberg agent in Pernambuco. He was German with a Brazilian wife.


Victor Kamcke

(William) Victor Rung Kamcke (b ~1863) served as a missionary in Bengal after marrying Mabel Eliza Lloyd in Lichfield on 10th April 1902 (Marriage notice in The Belfast Newsletter 12 April 1902). They had a son born in Bengal on 3rd April 1907. Victor’s parents were William Roderick Kamcke (b 9th May 1825 Danzig, d 27th November 1896) and Helene Emilie Rung (b Danzig, d 26th January 1894 Belfast). They were married in Danzig on 28th July 1861 (a marriage notice was printed in The Belfast Newsletter on 3rd August 1861). William Roderick Kamcke had arrived in Belfast on 28th June 1848 as an “apprentice to a merchant.” He later established  ”Kamcke, W.R., & Co., flax, linen yarn, and linen merchants” and lived with Helene lived at 73 University Road, Belfast.


Ernest Kanthak

Ernest was a merchant (b 26th May 1866 in Ceará, Brazil) who was naturalized with his father and siblings in Liverpool in 1885. He married Josephine Maria (née Dowsley) (b 19th March 1869) in Pernambuco around 1893/4. Both died in Bournemouth; he in 1953, she in 1946.



John Gibson Keiller (b 9th July 1865 Dundee, d 24th February 1897 Pernambuco) was the brother of Grace Keiller. Frederick Simon “Fred” Weinberg (son of Isaac Julius Weinberg) married Grace. Benjamin Howard Tuckniss, Accountant in Pernambuco, and Frederick Simon Weinberg, Merchant in Dundee were the Executors of John Gibson Keiller’s will.


George Young Kinnaird (GYK)

Owned George Kinnaird & Co, linen merchants, Belfast; Kinnaird, George Y & Co., collar & cuff manufacturers. He was born ~1854 and died on 6th January 1921. On 2nd June 1892, he married Letitia Mathews (she was 16 years younger than him), daughter of Johan Mathews, Coleraine. Their eldest daughter Margaret Kinnaird was born ~early 1893 (he was the ripe old age of 39) and her sister Elizabeth H. Kinnaird (a close friend of JMcC’s 4 daughters) was born 2nd June 1894. They had eight children in total; including their son John Loewenthal Kinnaird, born on 19th April 1896, (the latter was High Sherriff for Co. Londonderry in 1960, when he was listed as Major John Loewenthal Kinnaird, residing at The Old Rectory, Culmore); another son George Young Kinnaird Jr born in 1902 (d 1951) owned Carrowdore Castle, Co Down.


Mr van Kleunen

Probably Jacob van Kleunen (“Merchant”), (b 27th November 1859, m 31st August 1881 Margaretha Louisa née Moors, d 25th October 1912 Curaçao).  He was a Dutch citizen. JMcC notes “in mourning for Mrs van K’s mother,” Margarita Luisa Moors née Rees.



Likely to be one of 2 brothers – both merchants and naturalized British subjects, and resident in Belfast: Eduard or Alfred (see more below). Their parents were Hermann Ignatz Ludwig Kölkenbeck (b ~1827 Prussia, arrived London 1852, d Yorkshire 1899) and Emma Sophie née Munster (b Belfast 1830, m 1861 Co Down).

Eduard (Edward) William Emil Kölkenbeck (b June 1865 St Petersburg in Russia) lived in Frankfurt before moving to Belfast and naturalizing in 1887. Listed as residing in Belfast at 26 Ponsonby Avenue and working as a “Commercial Traveller”. He married Marion Frances Atkin in Frankfurt am Main in 1891. Her parents resided in Dublin, but Marion lived in Hamburg. He also appears on the ship’s manifest returning to Southampton from Las Palmas in 1896.

Alfred Edward Julius George Kölkenbeck (b 1864 Germany [or Belgium!]). He was naturalized in Belfast aged 24 on 20th February 1888 (b~ 1864). He was ALSO resident at 26 Ponsonby Avenue and worked as a “Commercial Clerk”. He was married to Eva also born ~1864.

Eduard and Alfred were brothers to Harriet Mary (b ~1868), Paul Magnus (b ~1870), Frederick William Bismarck (b ~1872), Emma Sophie (b ~1873), and Mary Emily Magna (b ~1875). All of the other siblings naturalized in Belfast on 15th May 1888 and also resided at 26 Ponsonby Avenue, Belfast.


Mr & Mrs Landsberg, Petropolis, Rio de Janeiro

Mr Albert Landsberg (b 1851, d 21st November 1923, Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro). Lived at Praca Liberdade; No 28, Petropolis and  buried in Rio de Janeiro. Mrs Lucy Ethel Landsberg (née Williams) (b 1869, d 1951 Rio de Janeiro). Albert and Lucy married in 1886. She was 17 (hence “young, handsome and lively”) and he was twice her age. She was the daughter of Captain John Smith Williams and Laura Ursula Williams.


Mrs Latham (née Davis)

We don’t know much about Mrs Latham as a person, but she was mentioned in JMcC’s letter of 18th February 1893 and then often thereafter:

“Through Mr Guimara͂es I have been lucky enough to secure a room in an exceedingly nice English boarding-house owned by a Mrs Latham . . . Mrs Latham is a kind motherly woman, & a lady. Her husband had formerly considerable means but he came to grief. He is in Ceara͂ on business just now. They have one daughter & three sons.” In another of 31st March 1895, “Miss Davis, Mrs Latham’s sister, an old lady of 76.”



Ernest Leppin (b ~1861 Germany?) a commercial agent and disgruntled ex-employee of Moore & Weinberg in Belfast who regrets he hadn’t appreciated how good Julius had been to him . . . (reported in JMcC’s letter from Rio de Janeiro of 27th December 1892. He appears often in the later correspondence from Brazil.)


Mr O Letzgus

This is Ottmar Letzgus, “Merchant”, (b 1861 Germany), resident in Buenos Aires and married to Magdalena (from Switzerland).


Mr Levy

Probably Enrico Salvator (Harry S) Levy, “Merchant”, (b ~ 1861 USA) and now a citizen of Malta. Mentioned as being in Pernambuco in JMcC’s letter of 29th January 1894.


Emma Löwenthal

“Aunt Emma” was Julius Loewenthal’s older sister. She was three years older than Julius. She was born on 28th October 1831 in Ludwigslust and died there on 30th November 1913, aged 82. She was never married.



Likely James MacCallum, “merchant” (b ~1849 Scotland) and baby Doris (b 1892 Buenos Aires). In the Buenos Aires 1895 Census are listed Doris MacCallum (3 ½), thus born around 1892 so no doubt the baby in the letter, and her parents “Diego” (probably James) MacCallum from Scotland and Emily from England (b~ 1865) plus a baby brother, Hector.

On the passenger manifest sailing to Southampton from Buenos Aires in July 1895 are listed James MacCallum with daughter Doris and son Hector. On the passenger list to Liverpool from Montevideo in 1901 are listed James with wife EMILY and children Doris and Hector.


Rev Andrew McCaldin

Jane’s mother Ann Isabella McCully was née McCaldin. Jane had both an uncle and a cousin called Andrew McCaldin. However, neither were the retired Presbyterian minister who died on 29th November 1894 aged 75 (thus b ~1819) at his residence, The Manse, Richhill. He was likely a more distant relative.

“Letters of Administration of the personal estate of the Reverend Andrew M’Caldin late of Corcreevy County Armagh Retired Presbyterian Minister who died 29 November 1894 at same place were granted at Armagh to Marshal M’Caldin of Corcreevy Gentleman the Brother.”


Martha McCaldin

Martha (b 1808, d 23rd December 1897) was JMcC’s great-aunt, his mother Jane Loewenthal’s Aunt. Martha was the sister of Jane’s mother Ann Isabella McCully (née McCaldin), the granny who lived with them at Lennoxvale.


Ann Isabella McCully/McCulla (née McCaldin)

Ann (b 25th December 1803, d 23rd November 1892 Lennoxvale, Belfast) was the mother of Jane Rea Loewenthal (née McCulla), JMcC’s mother and the recipient of the letters. Reported in The Belfast Newsletter (25th November 1892), this Death Notice: “McCulla – November 23, at the residence of her son-in-law, Lennoxvale, Mrs Ann McCulla, aged 90 years.”


Mr & Mrs McKinnel

Met in Rio de Janeiro 1890 and 1892. He English (? an engineer), she American.


Meili & Roesli

Listed as “commission merchants” in Buenos Aires. The individual partners are shown below.

From the International Bureau of the American Republics Argentina Handbook of 1894:

“Manufacture of bags and sacks. This industry, owing largely to the spread of agriculture, has increased to such an extent that from 30,000,000 to 50,000,000 of sacks are now sold annually (according to the year and the crops) in the country. The five principal factories are capable of producing more than 100,000,000 sacks. The importation of manufactured sacks is thus rendered impossible.”

(The five factories include: “Meili & Roesli, Buenos Ayres” – manufactured 6,000,000 sacks in 1897.)

Augusto Meili (b Zürich 1853, m Mathilde Haack Meili, d Buenos Aires 1935) was listed as an “Industrialist” in the Buenos Aires census of 1895). He is mentioned by JMcC in his letter from Buenos Aires, 4th September 1892. Isaac Weinberg mentions in his memoir that Augusto Meili was his first representative in Buenos Aires ~1885. Eugen Roesli-Bidermann (b 15th February 1857 Zürich, m Anna b ~1869, d 7th November 1923 Zürich) is also listed as an “Industrialist” in the Buenos Aires census of 1895). JMcC travelled to Rosario with him in 1890. He had been a traveller for Moore & Weinberg in Dundee and was recruited by Meili in Buenos Aires to join him in business, although Roesli “was bound to M&W by written agreement” according to I. J. Weinberg’s memoir.


Moore & Weinberg

A partnership between James Moore and Isaac Julius Weinberg, established in Belfast on 1 January 1855.


James Moore

James Moore (b 1811 County Down, d  14th October 1884 Holywood, Co Down) is buried in Holywood churchyard. He was a Justice of the Peace as well as a partner in Messrs. Moore & Weinberg, Linenhall Street, Belfast. His obituary appeared in the Belfast Newsletter, 16th October 1884, page 4, and an account of his funeral in the same paper, 20 October 1884, page 7. In around 1837 James Moore married Eliza Gunning (b 1813, d 1895), Mrs Moore. They had a son, John Byers Gunning-Moore, and lived in Dalchoolin, near Craigavad, Holywood, County Down. The grounds are now Dalchoolin Park, “grounds of a 19th-century house, now demolished.” Fine trees and a walled garden remain, with the site serving as part of the Ulster Folk and Transport Museum.


Miss Petulla or Petullo

Mentioned in JMcC’s letter from Buenos Aires on 15th June 1890, the name was likely to be “Patullo,” as there were no Petullas in Dundee – but plenty of Patullos. Most likely Catherine Patullo, listed as a single Scottish lady aged 32 sailing back to Southampton from Buenos Aires arriving on 5th August 1890. JMcC was 26 years old at the time, so she was six years his senior. She was friendly with the Weinbergs and was at Frederick Simon Weinberg’s coming of age party at Fernbrae.


Power & Duff

JMcC talks about them very effusively when he wrote home from Pará on 30th March 1893). Power was the former manager of the London & Brazilian Bank and Duff from Aberdeen, “where his people have a nice house, judging from photos he showed me.” In the letter of 19-26 April 1893, JMcC expands on his description of Mr Power (who describes himself as “once a bank-manager & a gentleman, now a broker, but makes as broker twice as much as he made when manager of the London & Brazilian Bank”) and mentions Mr Duff, his partner.  And in the letter of 4th March 1894, he writes of them again, this time mentioning that Duff comes from Inverness, where his people have a nice place, to judge by photographs. And on 4th January 1895 from Pará, JMcC adds that Power is now manager of the London & River Plate Bank in Pará, and Duff is an exchange-broker.



Likely to have been William John Renny (b 11th February 1841 Russia, later naturalized British) a Flax Merchant and Artist in Dundee. Willian John was the son of William Warden Renny of Broughty Ferry (b 26th March 1809 Arbroath, Scotland, d 1882 Broughty Ferry) who was “one of the oldest and most honourable of Dundee’s merchants. He lived a life steeped in the knowledge, workings and trading of flax, both here in Scotland and also in Russia . . . . William Warden Renny enjoyed a long and successful career as a flax merchant. Known as a peace-maker, he was frequently sought as an arbiter in disputes where his opinions and decisions carried weight. His name was as familiar in the flax trade throughout Russia as it was at home on the streets of Dundee . . . ” This suggests that Julius’ trips to Russia may have been linked to the flax trade for Moore & Weinberg.


Rivas Fensohn & Co

Partnership composed of Carl Fensohn, the German consul in Curaçao, and Jorge Rivas, of Puerto Cabello, Venezuela. Said to be a strong firm. Local business in Curaçao is principally that of agent for the American Red D Line. Trading company in Curaçao that issued private paper money in 1893.


The Rodriguez family, Puerto Cabello

Mentioned in JMcC’s letter of 17th May 1891. They are mentioned again in a much later letter dated 29th April 1894: “At Puerto Cabello, where our steamer also called, I went to see a Mrs Rodriguez with her son & daughter, who were very kind to me before.”



See: “Meili & Roesli”.


Mrs Simmelkiaer

The widow who offered to give Addie music lessons in New York in January 1901.

From the Brooklyn Daily Eagle 26th May 1915:

HEAR AMERICAN MUSIC: Laurier Musical Club Has Entertaining Evening

The Laurier Musical Cub last evening presented a programme in the Hickerson Mansion, 70 Eighth avenue, exclusively devoted to American composers. Two of these composers appeared personally. Those who contributed to the evening were Mrs. Louis Lehard, Miss Frances, Harold Fowler, William Campbell, Miss Margaret Hoberg, Harriet Villette Brown, Oley Speaks, Miss Cecile Battier and Mrs. Simmelkiaer.


Singlehurst, Brocklehurst and Co

When JMcC was in Pará the company was “Singlehurst, Brocklehurst & Co.” As of 1st January 1892, it was run by Henry and Septimus Brocklehurst (I have been unable to find which one is the chess player). Septimus was born in Liverpool in 1840 – in the census listed as a “retired shipbuilder.” He died in 1914 -VERY WEALTHY!

From the London Gazette 5th July 1892:

NOTICE is hereby given, that the Partnership sometime subsisting between the undersigned, Robert Singlehurst, Robert Brocklehurst, George William Brocklehurst, Henry Brocklehurst, and Septimus Brocklehurst, as Merchants and Shipowners, at Liverpool, under the firm of R. Singlehurst and Co., as Merchants, at Para, in Brazil, under the firm of Singlehurst, Brocklehurst, and Co., and as Merchants, at Manaos, in Brazil, under the firm of Brocklehurst and Co., has been dissolved, by mutual consent, as regards Robert Singlehurst, Robert Brocklehurst, and George William Brocklehurst, as from 31st day of December, 1891. The business has been since the last mentioned date and will in future be carried on by Henry Brocklehurst and Septimus Brocklehurst, at the same places and under the like firms’ names, and they will pay the debts and collect the assets of the late firms. – Dated the 30th day of June, 1892.







The Sintons

The Sintons, like so many of Northern Ireland’s linen families, were Quakers, in this case of Scottish descent; although the Sintons had been settled at Tamnaghmore for several hundred years. Thomas Sinton, JP (b February 1826, d 20 August 1887) was an Irish industrialist and magistrate. Sinton made a significant impact upon the Irish linen trade; not least establishing the village of Laurelvale, County Armagh. This was a model village named due to the abundance of laurel bushes in the area. Also known as Laurel Vale, the village housed workers at the large linen factory of “Thomas Sinton & Co.” The factory was started in the early 1850s and by the 1880s it employed around 700 workers, responsible for manufacturing very high-grade heavy linen. The Laurelvale factory closed in 1944 when it was acquired by the Ministry of Defence:


Dora Sinton

Dora is mentioned frequently in the letters – and must be related to the Quaker linen and flax Sinton family – but I have been unable to identify her with certainty. She may have been Dorothy Hesilridge Sinton (b 29th June 1863 in Laurelvale, never married, d 5th October 1949 Laurelvale), the daughter of Thomas Sinton and Elizabeth Hesilridge Buckby (m 1859):


Adolf Spann & Co

Registered in Rio de Janeiro as commercial agent of foreign businesses and manufacturers.


Taylor of Dundee

John Brown Taylor (b 5th December 1853, m Julie Anne née Duff [b~1859], d 19th May 1932). Living at Affleck Castle, Monikie, Dundee, John was a Linen & Jute Manufacturer and Merchant.

From Probate Calendar:

TAYLOR, John Brown, sometime Merchant, Dundee, latterly of Gowanlea, Alyth, died 19 May 1932 at Alyth, testate. Confirmation Perth, 11 January, to Mrs. Julie Anne Duff Taylor, Gowanlea aforesaid, Executrix. Will dated 12 August 1918 recorded Perth 5 January 1933. Value of Estate, £325: 9: 3.


Mr Tripp of Trinidad

(Albert) Edgar Tripp (b 1847 Kent, d 1921 Trinidad). He emigrated to Trinidad in 1870 and established Trinidad’s “Electric Light and Power Company” in 1894. He was the co-author of Fauna of Trinidad with P. L. Guppy, published by the Agricultural Society of Trinidad and Tobago:


Miss Troutbeck

Possibly Victoria Troutbeck  (b 27th March 1874 Buenos Aires), daughter of John Brown Troutbeck from Lancashire and Mary Ann Linay. Her parents married in Buenos Aires in 1856. JMcC met her at a dinner party at the “Goodwins” in Buenos Aires in October 1893. Victoria would have been 19. She later married Robert Lawrence Scott-Moncrieff in Buenos Aires on 1st June 1897 and died in Sussex on 11th December 1937. Victoria had several sisters, so could have been one of them but they were probably all too old, except for Charlotte Anne Manuela (b 1872, d 1955 Chelsea) who would have been 21. The other sisters were Annette (b 1857, d 1848), Agnes (b 1858, d 1897), Mary Jane (b 1860, d 1863 aged 3), Margaret Watson (b 1862, d 1830).


The Tucknisses

Mr Benjamin Tuckniss (b 1826, d 1896) was the son of Benjamin Fuller Tuckniss and Mary Jane Tuckniss. Mary Jane was the daughter of Richard Tyndall, clergyman and slave owner, of Barbados and Leonora Eliza Taylor (b 1842, d 1931). Keiller lodged with them in Pernambuco.

Benjamin Howard Tuckniss, “Accountant”, (b 1863, d 24th December 1924) lived and died in Pernambuco. He married Constance Mary née Braga (see “Miss Braga”) in Liverpool on 15th November 1893. He is described as a “friend of Keiller’s” in JMcC’s letter of 18th February 1893. His daughters were Irene Mary Barbara Tuckniss (b 1894, d 1968) and Mary Tuckniss (b 1903, d 1983).



Robert Warren Twose (b 1858 Exeter, d between 1926-1930 Panama). Found on the passenger list from Southampton to Savanilla in 1893. Involved with late 19th Century Transportation modernization (rail and riverboats on the Magdalena) in Colombia. Possibly in a clerical capacity (several times occupation described as “secretary”, including on the passenger list where he was in transit through New York City in 1906 on his way to Cartagena, Colombia. See article by Hernán Horna in Journal of Latina American Studies, 1982: 14(1), 33-54, which describes Twose’s involvement with the Barranquilla Line rail line which by the end of the century handled nearly all of Colombia’s foreign trade was needed to facilitate coffee export. Later, in the London Gazette of 23rd October 1900, Robert Warren Twose is named as one of the liquidators of Penang Steam Tramways Ltd.


Mr Tyndale

Probably Andrew Tyndall, “Engineer”, (b ~1853) listed among passengers sailing on the “Nile” from Buenos Aires to Southampton, arriving 17th December 1893.


Tom Wallace

In New York (mentioned in JMcC’s letters of 29th January and 4th February 1891) and sounds like a Belfast man, possibly a friend of Julius Sr. Probably Thomas Parker Wallace (b 8th June 1846 Irvine, Ayrshire, m Jane Anderson [29th June 1868] Belfast, d 1931 Brooklyn). He arrived in the USA in 1868, worked as a Commission Merchant, was naturalized as a US citizen in 1874, and was recorded as living in Brooklyn in 1930.


The Wallaces, Buenos Aires

Frederick L’Estrange Wallace (b 1853 Brooklyn, d 1925 Buenos Aires), wife Ellen Gwendoline Gilling-Lax (b 1860 Bedfordshire, d 1850 Buenos Aires).


Weinberg family

Isaac Julius Weinberg, Jute merchant in Dundee, (b 1832 Hamburg, d 1st January 1912 in Sussex and buried in Dundee). According to his privately published memoir (, Isaac was apprenticed to brothers Isaac and Daniel Jaffé and sent to Belfast to represent the Jaffé Brothers company in 1850. He became Partner in Moore & Weinberg of Belfast and Dundee from 1855. He married Agnes Weinberg, née Simon, who was his cousin (b 1846 Hamburg, d 26th November 1936 Lancashire). Agnes was around twenty when she married and Isaac was already a wealthy jute merchant fourteen years her senior. Isaac originated from Germany but became a naturalized British subject in August 1857. Isaac and Agnes had two residences, the family home at Fernbrae in Dundee and a residence at 9 St Andrew’s Place, Regent’s Park in London. They had eight children. The first three, Frederick Simon, Philip Charles and Herbert James were born between 1865 and 1868 in Belfast, Ireland, where Isaac had business interests; he moved to Dundee, Scotland in 1870, where Julian, Zerline Adele, George Ivan, Henry Leo and Gertrude Auguste were born between 1871 and 1882. The Weinberg children therefore were:


Frederick Simon (“Fred”) (b 5th August 1865 Belfast, m Grace Keiller (1894), d 1921 Broughty Ferry).

Philip Charles (b 19th October 1866 Belfast, d 21st November 1881 Fernbrae, Dundee). He died of lung disease.

Herbert James (“Bertie”) (b 11th May 1868 Belfast, d 25th June 1896 Perth, Scotland). He committed suicide.

Julian (b 12th August 1871 Dundee, m Audrey, d 1936 Portsmouth). He was a banker and travelled to Buenos Aires.

Zerline Adele (“Sissy”) (b 2nd November 1872 Dundee, m Hayward, d 25th March 1934 Cheltenham).

George Ivan (b 11th April 1875 Dundee, m Paula, d 8th July 1950 Reading).

Harry Leo (b 8th April 1878 Dundee, m Leonore, d 1944 Eastbourne). Publisher, also known as “Henry Leo Wynne”.

Gertrude Augusta (“Trudy”) (b 20th February 1882 Dundee, d 13th November 1966 Reading).


“Fred” Weinberg

Frederick Simon Weinberg was born on the 6th August 1865 in Cromac, Antrim and died in 1921 at Broughty Ferry. He married Grace Keiller in Hamstead Parish Church on 14th August 1894. Grace (b 31st May 1870 in Dundee) was the daughter of George Clark and Grace Ann Keiller of Dundee, and sister of John Gibson Keiller (the “Keiller” who worked in Pernambuco). She died 5th of November 1935 in London and is buried at The Howff in Dundee. Fred and Grace were the parents of Philip David Weinberg (b 28th May 1895 Dundee, d 9th May 1915 in France, a casualty of WW I), Agnes Moffat (b 14th June 1896 Dundee, d 10th January 1982 Leeds), and Grace Ida Weinberg (b 27th May 1898 Dundee, d 24th February 1971 London) known to JMcC’s daughters and families as “Grace Weinberg”.


“Bertie” Weinberg

Herbert James Weinberg was born in Dundee 11th May 1868 and died 26th June 1896 aged 28, by suicide. He worked as a ship’s engineer and is frequently mentioned in JMcC’s letters. The Dundee Courier & Argus reported his death on 26th June 1896 reported his death the previous day. The Belfast News-Letter the following Monday carried a similar announcement.

The Aberdeen Weekly Journal of 26th June 1896 gave the following graphic account: “Shocking Suicide near Perth – Early yesterday morning two fishermen, while engaged fishing near Perth, observed the body of a man lying at the edge of the River Tay. On removing the body they discovered a revolver lying beside the deceased’s right hand. The deceased looked over 30 years of age. A number of articles, including a gold watch and about £4 in money, were found on the body, and a passport signed by the Earl of Kimberley and bearing the name “Herbert James Weinberg”. A bullet had pierced the head behind the right ear. The body was conveyed to Perth, and in course of the day was identified as that of Herbert James Weinberg (mentioned above), commission agent, Buenos Ayres. It appears he is the son of I J Weinberg, jute merchant, Dundee.”

Bertie was on his way home from a business trip to Buenos Ayres in South America and a fuller account is given in Isaac Julius Weinberg’s memoir (


Julian Weinberg

Julian was born on 12th August 1871 in Dundee and died on 5th October 1936 in Portsmouth. He started working in his father’s business but Isaac J Weinberg’s memoir records that this was for a short period: “In the year 1891 he [John Loewenthal] induced me to send out my son Julian with him, who at that time was twenty years of age and too young for what he was expected to perform. After a while Julian lost his health; office work did not seem to agree with him at that time and he went out to a ranch.”

Julian married Audrey Burton Barber in Marylebone in 1907. The couple had a daughter, Joan Gertrude, who was born at 43 Belsize Park Gardens on 10th March 1909 and a son, John, who was born at 76 Adelaide Road in Hampstead on 15th July 1912 (both births announced in The Times). In the 1911 census, the family was residing at 76 Adelaide Road in Hampstead and Julian was a bank manager.

The Dundee Courier of 5th December 1916 carried the following article:Military Cross for Dundee Officer. The list of Mesopotamia honours published on Saturday included the name of Major Julian Weinberg, 6th Royal Lancaster Regiment (King’s Own) who has been awarded the Military Cross. Major Weinberg is a son of the late Mr. I. J. Weinberg, J.P., Fernbrae, Perth Road, and is a former pupil of the High School. He went through the South African War, and rejoined at the outbreak of the war. His regiment first went to Gallipoli, where he was wounded, and from there to Mesopotamia where he was wounded for the second time. He is at present on light duty in this country.”

From his obituary: “Major Julian Weinberg of Stream Cottage, Farnham in Surrey, died in Southsea on 5th October 1936, a month before his mother Agnes Weinberg. He was aged 65 years old.”


“Sissy” Weinberg

Zerline Adele Weinberg was born on 2nd November 1872 in Dundee and died on 25th March 1934 in Cheltenham. She was named after her father’s mother, Zerline Simon. Sissy married Dr William Curling Hayward (b 1866, d 1946), surgeon, on 14th September 1904 and became known as Adele Hayward. The couple had no children. Sissy died on 25th March 1934 at the Imperial Nursing Home in Cheltenham (she had previously lived at Eversley, Eldorado Road, Cheltenham).

Sissy met her husband after she spent two winters in Egypt to recuperate after a severe chill that damaged her health. The first winter she met Dr Hayward (the youngest son of Samuel Haywood, of London and Burrow Lodge, Ilfracombe, Devon). The following winter the couple became engaged, and on 14th September 1904 were married at Fernbrae.

The Dundee Evening Post that evening, and the Dundee Courier the following day, gave the same long account of the fashionable wedding: “Today at Fernbrae, the Rev H. Philip Wickstead, M. A., London, solemnized the marriage of Miss Weinberg, elder daughter of Mr. I. J. Weinberg, Fernbrae, Dundee, and Dr. Curling Hayward, Cairo. The bridal gown was of white satin, handsomely trimmed with Carrickmacross lace, and a deep veil of tulle was worn . . .. ” There follows a list of some of the over 200 presents the couple received, including a list of some familiar names:

  • Bridegroom to Bride: Diamond and Turquoise brooch.
  • Bride to Bridegroom: Gold watch with monogram.
  • Mr I. J. Weinberg: Diamond tiara.
  • Mrs I. J. Weinberg: Two suites of inlaid mahogany bedroom furniture.
  • Parents of the bride: Suite of walnut dining-room furniture.
  • Mrs Augustin Simon (the bride’s grandmother): Bechstein piano and cheque.
  • Mr and Mrs I. Lewenz: Silver entrée dishes and sauceboat (Iwan Lewenz).
  • Mr and Mrs Carl Simon: Solid silver new art tea service (Carl was Agnes and Ida’s brother).
  • Mr and Mrs Fred Weinberg: Dessert Service.
  • Mr and Mrs George Weinberg: Cut crystal table service.
  • Miss Weinberg, Mr Julian Weinberg, and Mr Harry Weinberg: Dinner Service.
  • Herr and Frau Max Stauenhagen: Solid bronze figure, “Le Pecheur” (the wife was the daughter of Carl Simon).
  • Dr and Mrs Martin Goldschmidt: Bohemian glass ice service (the wife was Agnes and Ida’s sister Martha).
  • Mr and Mrs Carl Calmohn: Crystal and gilt salt cellars (Auguste Simon’s sister née Behrens, Fredericke).
  • Mr P Lewenz: Worcester vase (Pius Lewenz).
  • Mrs Berman, London: Large silver photo frame (Pius Lewenz’s daughter).
  • Mr I L Lewenz, Calais: A marble and bronze inkstand (John Leo Lewenz).
  • Miss G A Weinberg: A leather writing case.
  • Mrs Friedlander: A Japanese Gong (Moritz Lewenz’s daughter).


George Ivan Weinberg

George was born at Fernbrae on 11th April 1875, the sixth of the eight children born to Isaac Julius Weinberg and Agnes Simon. He married Paula Lewenz at a Jewish marriage ceremony conducted in the bride’s home, 33 Belsize Avenue, Hampstead in London, on 18th April 1901. As the bride’s mother and the groom’s mother were sisters, Paula and George were first cousins as well as husband and wife. Both families were very comfortably situated. George was a merchant in his father’s company Moore & Weinberg. In 1903, when George’s father Isaac Julius Weinberg retired, George became a partner alongside his elder brother Frederick. The young couple set up home at Belsize, Broughty Ferry, in Dundee, where they had two children; James Lewenz Weinberg on 2nd September 1902 and Joyce Paula Weinberg in 1905.

George was an active member of the Scottish Bulldog Club, arranging an event in 1907 where he carried off numerous prizes for six of his dogs, continuing his involvement with the Club up to 1911. In August 1914, Paula was one of several Dundee citizens who intimated her willingness to the Red Cross to accommodate a number of patients. However, in June 1916 she placed an advert in the Dundee Courier for an experienced table maid to work in London as one of three servants, and advertised again in May 1922 for an experienced housekeeper to do the entire work for two ladies in a London flat.

In late 1923, George and Paula disposed of their Belsize mansion in Broughty Ferry and auctioned off their valuable antiques. They moved to Invermark in Broughty Ferry, from where their daughter Joyce Paula Weinberg married the son of James Robertson, the new owner of Belsize on 11th May 1931. Shortly after, they moved to England, perhaps to be closer to their elderly mothers, Agnes Weinberg and Ida Lewenz, and their sisters Gertrude Augusta Weinberg and Marie Adele Lewenz. Paula and George lived at 65 Whitley Court, Woburn Place, London, up until Paula’s death in The London Clinic after a short illness on 26 October 1943. George died on 8th July 1950 at 2 Star Road, Caversham in Reading after a long illness. He left £31,219.

The Dundee Courier of 11th July 1950 carried the following announcement: “Member of Noted Dundee Family: Mr George Weinberg, member of a family which was well known in the Dundee jute industry, has died at Caversham, near Reading. He was the youngest son of the late Mr Julius Weinberg, a partner in the firm of Moore & Weinberg, which was taken over by A & S Henry & Co Ltd. He resided in Broughty Ferry, but left there for England nearly 20 years ago. He was 75. Mrs Weinberg died some years ago. He is survived by a son and a daughter.”


Harry Leo Weinberg

Harry was Isaac and Agnes’ youngest son. The Dundee Courier of 14th April 1896 reported that he passed in English and Latin at the University of St Andrews. He became a partner alongside William Heinemann and Sydney Southgate Pawling in the publishing firm of William Heinemann but left the partnership in September 1909. He was the last of the Weinberg children to wed. He married Leonore Ford, the youngest daughter of John Ford of Holyoke and Springfield, MA, on 16th November 1910 in Manhattan, NY, and put an announcement in The Times of London. The following year in the 1911 census, Henry and Leonore were at 31 Albany Street in Regent’s Park in London, where Henry was listed as a book publisher. They had at least one child, Mary, in 1912. When Leonore sailed to New York in January 1914, she gave as her nearest relative her husband, Mr H. L. Weinberg of 6 Finchley Road, London.

Henry was appointed a temporary lieutenant on 17 September 1915. In the London Gazette of 26th July 1918, it was announced that on 10th June 1918, Henry Leo Weinberg of 1a Regent’s Court, London, a Captain in the 19th London Regiment, had changed his name by deed poll to Henry Leo Wynne. Henry Leo Wynne, of Went Hill Cottage East Dean Eastbourne, died on 19th March 1944 at the Redoubt Nursing Home, Royal Parade, Eastbourne, with probate to Gwendolen Wynne, widow, and his sister Gertrude Augusta Weinberg (“Trudy”), leaving £11,577.


“Trudy” Weinberg

Robert Boyd writes: “I met Gertrude, known as Trudy. She left Grace (Fred W’s daughter Grace Ida) quite a lot of money. When Grace was dying in 1971 her solicitor made her buy a farm or farms so as to avoid death duties in her legacy to Moffatt girls! She was already semi-comatose, in Central Middlesex Hospital, and said to me in a confused state ‘But Rob, I don’t want a farm’. I ignored the remark though I was an executor . . .”


Lieut. Welles U.S.N.

Roger Welles (b 1862, d 1932) was a US Naval Officer In 1891 he was sent to Venezuela and the Guianas to explore the Orinoco River as U.S. special representative for the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago. Between 1925 and 1926 he was Commander, U.S. Naval Forces in Europe. He retired from the Navy in 1926:


Dr Whitla

Sir William Whitla (b 13th September 1851, d 11th December 1933) was an Irish physician and politician. He was born at the family home in the Diamond, Monaghan. On leaving school in 1866, at the age of 15, he was apprenticed to his eldest brother, James, who was a pharmaceutical chemist with a shop on the Dublin Road, Monaghan. Two years later he moved to Belfast, where he continued his apprenticeship with the leading firm of dispensing chemists in the city, Messrs. Wheeler & Whittaker. In 1870, while still employed by Wheeler & Whittaker, he matriculated and embarked on his medical curriculum at Queen’s College, Belfast; a common transition in those days. In 1873 he graduated, obtaining the Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Edinburgh.

William was appointed physician to the Belfast Royal Hospital and the Ulster Hospital for Children and Women in 1882. He held the post at the Belfast Royal Hospital and in the Royal Victoria Hospital, of which it was the forerunner, until his retirement in 1918. He succeeded Seaton Reid as professor of Materia Medica at the Queen’s College in 1890, retiring in 1919. He was twice president of the Ulster Medical Society (1886–1887, 1901–1902) and also served the British Medical Association as president, presenting each member who attended the annual meeting held in Belfast in 1909 with a copy of his most recent book The Theory and Practice of Medicine. He was appointed a Knight Bachelor in the 1902 Coronation Honours list published on 26th June 1902, he was knighted by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Earl Cadogan, at Dublin Castle on 11th August 1902: and


Captain and Mrs Williams, Rio de Janeiro

John Smith Williams (b ~1835, New Orleans ) and Laura Ursula Williams née Gilbert (b ~1844) were the parents of Mrs Grace Elizabeth Allen and Mrs Lucy Ethel Landsberg. They married in Duxbury, MA, in 1864.


The Williams, Pernambuco

Mrs Williams was Edith Ann Williams née Boxwell (see Boxwell). Born in ~ 1862, Edith was Ada Boxwell’s sister. She married Arthur Llewellyn Griffith-Williams and had four children: Henry (b ~1887), Alice (b ~1889), John (b ~1890), Annie (b ~1891).



Frederick “Fred” (b 1856) and Frank Youle (b 1866) appear several times in JMcC’s letters. They were brothers, two sons of Alfred Phillips Youle, “South American Merchant”, (b 24th July 1824 Hackney, d July 1905 Hackney) and Annie Stewart Schwind (b 1835, d 1871). Alfred and Annie were married in Bahia, Brazil, in 1852.

They had 12 children, including 10 boys (the ones who JMcC mentions are underlined below):


Alfred Francis Youle (b 10th July 1853 Pernambuco, d 6th June 1929 Surrey)

Henry Stewart Youle (b 1855 Lancashire, d 1856 Hackney)

Frederick Louis Youle (b 6th April 1856 Lancashire, d 8th December 1900 Rio de Janeiro).

Charles Youle (b Manchester 1857, d 1880)

Arthur Goolden Youle (b Manchester 1860, d 1905)

Anne Schwind Youle (b 1861 Broughton, Lancashire, d 1934)

Edward Schwind Youle (b ~1864 Lancashire, d 1926)

Mary Louisa Schwind Youle (b 1st June 1864 Prestwich, Lancashire, d 29th January 1952 Croydon, Surrey)

Frank Schwind Youle (b around September 1866 Ormskirk, Lancashire, d 9th March 1900).

Albert Schwind Youle (b 21st April 1868 Manchester, d 1909)

Ernest Schwind Youle (b 21st April 1868 Lancashire, d 8th April 1914 Santos)

Percy Schwind Youle (b July 1869 Manchester, d December 1895 New York)


Smith & Youle:

“A firm registered as Brazilian but founded by British expatriate entrepreneurs, which was very important in transferring marketing knowledge, technological knowledge and entrepreneurial knowledge. This firm was established in Brazil in 1880 by two British expatriates who also acted as managers. These entrepreneurs had strong international networks derived from their work as agents for British trading companies. The firm imported textiles into Brazil (wool, cotton and linen cloth), and also other goods and services including iron, steel and copper, and insurance. One of its shareholders, Frederick Youle, became a manager of Companhia Manufactora Fluminense in 1891.”

From: da Silva Lopes, T. et al 2018 “The ‘disguised’ foreign investor: Brands, trademarks and the British expatriate entrepreneur in Brazil,” Business History, 60.8, pp. 1171-1195.




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John McCaldin Loewenthal: Letters Home from a Victorian Commercial Traveller, 1889 - 1895 Copyright © 2022 by Michelle Fink, Robert Boyd, Sarah Watkinson is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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